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Testing a global standard for quantifying species recovery and assessing conservation impact

Grace, Molly K. and Akcakaya, H. Resit and Bennett, Elizabeth L. and Brooks, Thomas M. and Heath, Anna and Hedges, Simon and Hilton-Taylor, Craig and Hoffmann, Michael and Hochkirch, Axel and Jenkins, Richard and Keith, David A. and Long, Barney and Mallon, David P. and Meijaard, Erik and Milner-Gulland, E. J. and Paul Rodriguez, Jon and Stephenson, P. J. and Stuart, Simon N. and Young, Richard P. and Acebes, Pablo and Alfaro-Shigueto, Joanna and Alvarez-Clare, Silvia and Arbetman, Marina and Azat, Claudio and Bacchetta, Gianluigi and Badola, Ruchi and Barcelos, Luis M. D. and Barreiros, Joao Pedro and Basak, Sayanti and Berger, Danielle J. and Bhattacharyya, Sabuj and Bino, Gilad and Borges, Paulo A. and Boughton, Raoul K. and Brockmann, H. Jane and Buckley, Hannah L. and Burfield, Ian J. and Burton, James and Camacho-Badani, Teresa and Santiago Cano-Alonso, Luis and Carmichael, Ruth H. and Carrero, Christina and P Carroll, John and Catsadorakis, Giorgos and Chapple, David G. and Chapron, Guillaume and Chowdhury, Gawsia Wahidunnessa and Claassens, Louw and Cogoni, Donatella and Constantine, Rochelle and Craig, Christie Anne and Cunningham, Andrew A. and Dahal, Nishma and Daltry, Jennifer C. and Das, Goura Chandra and Dasgupta, Niladri and Davey, Alexandra and Davies, Katharine and Develey, Pedro and Elangovan, Vanitha and Fairclough, David and Di Febbraro, Mirko and Fenu, Giuseppe and Fernandes, Fernando Moreira and Fernandez, Eduardo Pinheiro and Finucci, Brittany and Foldesi, Rita and Foley, Catherine M. and Ford, Matthew and Forstner, Michael R. J. and Garcia-Sandoval, Ricardo and Gardner, Penny C. and Garibay-Orijel, Roberto and Gatan-Balbas, Marites and Gauto, Irene and Ghazi, Mirza Ghazanfar Ullah and Godfrey, Stephanie S. and Gollock, Matthew and Gonzalez, Benito A. and Grant, Tandora D. and Gray, Thomas and Gregory, Andrew J. and van Grunsven, Roy H. A. and Gryzenhout, Marieka and Guernsey, Noelle C. and Gupta, Garima and Hagen, Christina and Hagen, Christian A. and Hall, Madison B. and Hallerman, Eric and Hare, Kelly and Hart, Tom and Hartdegen, Ruston and Harvey-Brown, Yvette and Hatfield, Richard and Hawke, Tahneal and Hermes, Claudia and Hitchmough, Rod and Hoffmann, Pablo Melo and Howarth, Charlie and Hudson, Michael A. and Hussain, Syed Ainul and Huveneers, Charlie and Jacques, Helene and Jorgensen, Dennis and Katdare, Suyash and Katsis, Lydia K. D. and Kaul, Rahul and Kaunda-Arara, Boaz and Keith-Diagne, Lucy and Kraus, Daniel T. and de Lima, Thales Moreira and Lindeman, Ken and Linsky, Jean and Louis, Edward and Loy, Anna and Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Mangel, Jeffrey C. and Marinari, Paul E. and Martin, Gabriel M. and Martinelli, Gustavo and McGowan, Philip J. K. and McInnes, Alistair and Mendes, Eduardo Teles Barbosa and Millard, Michael J. and Mirande, Claire and Money, Daniel and Monks, Joanne M. and Laura Morales, Carolina and Mumu, Nazia Naoreen and Negrao, Raquel and Niloy, Md Nazmul Hasan and Nguyen, Anh Ha and Norbury, Grant Leslie and Nordmeyer, Cale and O'Brien, Mark and Oda, Gabriela Akemi and Orsenigo, Simone and Pasachnik, Stesha and Perez-Jimenez, Juan Carlos and Pike, Charlotte and Pilkington, Fred and Plumb, Glenn and Portela, Rita de Cassia Quitete and Prohaska, Ana and Quintana, Manuel G. and Rakotondrasoa, Eddie Fanantenana and Rankou, Hassan and Rawat, Ajay Prakash and Reardon, James Thomas and Rheingantz, Marcelo Lopes and Richter, Stephen C. and Rivers, Malin C. and da Rosa, Patricia and Rose, Paul and Royer, Emily and Ryan, Catherine and de Mitcheson, Yvonne J. Sadovy and Salmon, Lily and Salvador, Carlos Henrique and Samways, Michael J. and Sanjuan, Tatiana and Dos Santos, Amanda Souza and Sasaki, Hiroshi and Schutz, Emmanuel and Scott, Heather Ann and Scott, Robert Michael and Serena, Fabrizio and Sharma, Surya P. and Shuey, John A. and Silva, Carlos Julio Polo and Simaika, John P. and Smith, David R. and Spaet, Julia L. Y. and Sultana, Shanjida and Talukdar, Bibhab Kumar and Tatayah, Vikash and Thomas, Philip and Tringali, Angela and Tuboi, Chongpi and Hoang, Trinh-Dinh and Usmani, Aftab Alam and Vasco-Palacios, Aida M. and Vie, Jean-Christophe and Virens, Jo and Walker, Alan and Wallace, Bryan and Waller, Lauren J. and Wang, Hongfeng and Wearn, Oliver R. and van Weerd, Merlijn and Weigmann, Simon and Willcox, Daniel and Woinarski, John and Yong, Jean W.H. and Young, Stuart (2021). Testing a global standard for quantifying species recovery and assessing conservation impact. Conservation Biology. 35 , 1833-1849
[Research article]

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Abstract

Recognizing the imperative to evaluate species recovery and conservation impact, in 2012 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) called for development of a "Green List of Species" (now the IUCN Green Status of Species). A draft Green Status framework for assessing species' progress toward recovery, published in 2018, proposed 2 separate but interlinked components: a standardized method (i.e., measurement against benchmarks of species' viability, functionality, and preimpact distribution) to determine current species recovery status (herein species recovery score) and application of that method to estimate past and potential future impacts of conservation based on 4 metrics (conservation legacy, conservation dependence, conservation gain, and recovery potential). We tested the framework with 181 species representing diverse taxa, life histories, biomes, and IUCN Red List categories (extinction risk). Based on the observed distribution of species' recovery scores, we propose the following species recovery categories: fully recovered, slightly depleted, moderately depleted, largely depleted, critically depleted, extinct in the wild, and indeterminate. Fifty-nine percent of tested species were considered largely or critically depleted. Although there was a negative relationship between extinction risk and species recovery score, variation was considerable. Some species in lower risk categories were assessed as farther from recovery than those at higher risk. This emphasizes that species recovery is conceptually different from extinction risk and reinforces the utility of the IUCN Green Status of Species to more fully understand species conservation status. Although extinction risk did not predict conservation legacy, conservation dependence, or conservation gain, it was positively correlated with recovery potential. Only 1.7% of tested species were categorized as zero across all 4 of these conservation impact metrics, indicating that conservation has, or will, play a role in improving or maintaining species status for the vast majority of these species. Based on our results, we devised an updated assessment framework that introduces the option of using a dynamic baseline to assess future impacts of conservation over the short term to avoid misleading results which were generated in a small number of cases, and redefines short term as 10 years to better align with conservation planning. These changes are reflected in the IUCN Green Status of Species Standard.

Authors/Creators:Grace, Molly K. and Akcakaya, H. Resit and Bennett, Elizabeth L. and Brooks, Thomas M. and Heath, Anna and Hedges, Simon and Hilton-Taylor, Craig and Hoffmann, Michael and Hochkirch, Axel and Jenkins, Richard and Keith, David A. and Long, Barney and Mallon, David P. and Meijaard, Erik and Milner-Gulland, E. J. and Paul Rodriguez, Jon and Stephenson, P. J. and Stuart, Simon N. and Young, Richard P. and Acebes, Pablo and Alfaro-Shigueto, Joanna and Alvarez-Clare, Silvia and Arbetman, Marina and Azat, Claudio and Bacchetta, Gianluigi and Badola, Ruchi and Barcelos, Luis M. D. and Barreiros, Joao Pedro and Basak, Sayanti and Berger, Danielle J. and Bhattacharyya, Sabuj and Bino, Gilad and Borges, Paulo A. and Boughton, Raoul K. and Brockmann, H. Jane and Buckley, Hannah L. and Burfield, Ian J. and Burton, James and Camacho-Badani, Teresa and Santiago Cano-Alonso, Luis and Carmichael, Ruth H. and Carrero, Christina and P Carroll, John and Catsadorakis, Giorgos and Chapple, David G. and Chapron, Guillaume and Chowdhury, Gawsia Wahidunnessa and Claassens, Louw and Cogoni, Donatella and Constantine, Rochelle and Craig, Christie Anne and Cunningham, Andrew A. and Dahal, Nishma and Daltry, Jennifer C. and Das, Goura Chandra and Dasgupta, Niladri and Davey, Alexandra and Davies, Katharine and Develey, Pedro and Elangovan, Vanitha and Fairclough, David and Di Febbraro, Mirko and Fenu, Giuseppe and Fernandes, Fernando Moreira and Fernandez, Eduardo Pinheiro and Finucci, Brittany and Foldesi, Rita and Foley, Catherine M. and Ford, Matthew and Forstner, Michael R. J. and Garcia-Sandoval, Ricardo and Gardner, Penny C. and Garibay-Orijel, Roberto and Gatan-Balbas, Marites and Gauto, Irene and Ghazi, Mirza Ghazanfar Ullah and Godfrey, Stephanie S. and Gollock, Matthew and Gonzalez, Benito A. and Grant, Tandora D. and Gray, Thomas and Gregory, Andrew J. and van Grunsven, Roy H. A. and Gryzenhout, Marieka and Guernsey, Noelle C. and Gupta, Garima and Hagen, Christina and Hagen, Christian A. and Hall, Madison B. and Hallerman, Eric and Hare, Kelly and Hart, Tom and Hartdegen, Ruston and Harvey-Brown, Yvette and Hatfield, Richard and Hawke, Tahneal and Hermes, Claudia and Hitchmough, Rod and Hoffmann, Pablo Melo and Howarth, Charlie and Hudson, Michael A. and Hussain, Syed Ainul and Huveneers, Charlie and Jacques, Helene and Jorgensen, Dennis and Katdare, Suyash and Katsis, Lydia K. D. and Kaul, Rahul and Kaunda-Arara, Boaz and Keith-Diagne, Lucy and Kraus, Daniel T. and de Lima, Thales Moreira and Lindeman, Ken and Linsky, Jean and Louis, Edward and Loy, Anna and Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Mangel, Jeffrey C. and Marinari, Paul E. and Martin, Gabriel M. and Martinelli, Gustavo and McGowan, Philip J. K. and McInnes, Alistair and Mendes, Eduardo Teles Barbosa and Millard, Michael J. and Mirande, Claire and Money, Daniel and Monks, Joanne M. and Laura Morales, Carolina and Mumu, Nazia Naoreen and Negrao, Raquel and Niloy, Md Nazmul Hasan and Nguyen, Anh Ha and Norbury, Grant Leslie and Nordmeyer, Cale and O'Brien, Mark and Oda, Gabriela Akemi and Orsenigo, Simone and Pasachnik, Stesha and Perez-Jimenez, Juan Carlos and Pike, Charlotte and Pilkington, Fred and Plumb, Glenn and Portela, Rita de Cassia Quitete and Prohaska, Ana and Quintana, Manuel G. and Rakotondrasoa, Eddie Fanantenana and Rankou, Hassan and Rawat, Ajay Prakash and Reardon, James Thomas and Rheingantz, Marcelo Lopes and Richter, Stephen C. and Rivers, Malin C. and da Rosa, Patricia and Rose, Paul and Royer, Emily and Ryan, Catherine and de Mitcheson, Yvonne J. Sadovy and Salmon, Lily and Salvador, Carlos Henrique and Samways, Michael J. and Sanjuan, Tatiana and Dos Santos, Amanda Souza and Sasaki, Hiroshi and Schutz, Emmanuel and Scott, Heather Ann and Scott, Robert Michael and Serena, Fabrizio and Sharma, Surya P. and Shuey, John A. and Silva, Carlos Julio Polo and Simaika, John P. and Smith, David R. and Spaet, Julia L. Y. and Sultana, Shanjida and Talukdar, Bibhab Kumar and Tatayah, Vikash and Thomas, Philip and Tringali, Angela and Tuboi, Chongpi and Hoang, Trinh-Dinh and Usmani, Aftab Alam and Vasco-Palacios, Aida M. and Vie, Jean-Christophe and Virens, Jo and Walker, Alan and Wallace, Bryan and Waller, Lauren J. and Wang, Hongfeng and Wearn, Oliver R. and van Weerd, Merlijn and Weigmann, Simon and Willcox, Daniel and Woinarski, John and Yong, Jean W.H. and Young, Stuart
Title:Testing a global standard for quantifying species recovery and assessing conservation impact
Series Name/Journal:Conservation Biology
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:35
Page range:1833-1849
Number of Pages:17
ISSN:0888-8892
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Evolutionary Biology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Biological Systematics
Keywords:conservation action, Green Status of species, IUCN, recovery categories, red list, acciones de conservacion, categorias de recuperacion, estatus verde de especies, IUCN, lista roja
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109327
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109327
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/cobi.13756
Web of Science (WoS)000675179000001
ID Code:26303
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology

(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 Dec 2021 14:25
Metadata Last Modified:13 Dec 2021 14:31

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