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The Cold Region Critical Zone in Transition: Responses to Climate Warming and Land Use Change

Pi, Kunfu and Bieroza, Magdalena and Brouchkov, Anatoli and Chen, Weitao and Dufour, Louis and Gongalsky, Konstantin B. and Herrmann, Anke and Krab, Eveline and Landesman, Catherine and Laverman, Anniet M. and Mazei, Natalia and Mazei, Yuri and Öquist, Mats and Peichl, Matthias and Pozdniakov, Sergey and Rezanezhad, Fereidoun and Roose-Amsaleg, Celine and Shatilovich, Anastasia and Shi, Andong and Smeaton, Christina M. and Tong, Lei and Tsyganov, Andrey N. and Van Cappellen, Philippe (2021). The Cold Region Critical Zone in Transition: Responses to Climate Warming and Land Use Change. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. 46 , 111-134
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Abstract

Global climate warming disproportionately affects high-latitude and mountainous terrestrial ecosystems. Warming is accompanied by permafrost thaw, shorter winters, earlier snowmelt, more intense soil freeze-thaw cycles, drier summers, and longer fire seasons. These environmental changes in turn impact surface water and groundwater flow regimes, water quality, greenhouse gas emissions, soil stability, vegetation cover, and soil (micro)biological communities. Warming also facilitates agricultural expansion, urban growth, and natural resource development, adding growing anthropogenic pressures to cold regions' landscapes, soil health, and biodiversity. Further advances in the predictive understanding of how cold regions' critical zone processes, functions, and ecosystem services will continue to respond to climate warming and land use changes require multiscale monitoring technologies coupled with integrated observational and modeling tools. We highlight some of the major challenges, knowledge gaps, and opportunities in cold region critical zone research, with an emphasis on subsurface processes and responses in both natural and agricultural ecosystems.

Authors/Creators:Pi, Kunfu and Bieroza, Magdalena and Brouchkov, Anatoli and Chen, Weitao and Dufour, Louis and Gongalsky, Konstantin B. and Herrmann, Anke and Krab, Eveline and Landesman, Catherine and Laverman, Anniet M. and Mazei, Natalia and Mazei, Yuri and Öquist, Mats and Peichl, Matthias and Pozdniakov, Sergey and Rezanezhad, Fereidoun and Roose-Amsaleg, Celine and Shatilovich, Anastasia and Shi, Andong and Smeaton, Christina M. and Tong, Lei and Tsyganov, Andrey N. and Van Cappellen, Philippe
Title:The Cold Region Critical Zone in Transition: Responses to Climate Warming and Land Use Change
Series Name/Journal:Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:46
Page range:111-134
Number of Pages:24
ISBN for electronic version:978-0-8243-2346-2
ISSN:1543-5938
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Climate Research
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:cold regions, environmental change, critical zone, hydrogeology, biogeochemistry, agroecosystems
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114596
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114596
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1146/annurev-environ-012220-125703
Web of Science (WoS)000713670600006
ID Code:26307
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment

(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Dec 2021 14:25
Metadata Last Modified:14 Dec 2021 14:31

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