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Is large-scale wind power a problem, solution, or victim? A frame analysis of the debate in Swedish media

Bjarstig, Therese and Mancheva, Irina and Zachrisson, Anna and Neumann, Wiebke and Svensson, Johan (2022). Is large-scale wind power a problem, solution, or victim? A frame analysis of the debate in Swedish media. Energy Research and Social Science. 83 , 102337
[Research article]

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Abstract

Media content analysis was used with the aim of developing an understanding of how the debate on large-scale wind power has played out over time in Sweden, especially in relation to the enactment of national interest areas for wind power. Covering the period 1999 to 2019 and using NVivo for coding and analysis, we reviewed a total of 788 articles in both national and regional daily newspapers. To identify which actors are present in media and how they frame large-scale wind power, we conducted a frame analysis by applying three theoretical elements developed by previous media studies. The first is a diagnostic element used to pinpoint the cause to a problem, the second a prognostic element used to pinpoint the solution to a problem, and the third a motivating element used to identify the person(s) or object(s) suffering from the problem, that is, victim. Our results emphasize that wind power in recent years has been framed as a solution more often than a cause to a problem. One prevailing framing is the localization of large-scale wind power per se and conflicts with other land-uses and national interests. We also identify a tension between international and national policy objectives and local implementation of large-scale wind power. Governmental agencies are the most common framers over time, together with individuals (e.g. locals and second home owners) and wind entrepreneurs. Importantly, whereas politicians and wind entrepreneurs most often frame wind power as a solution, individuals frame it as a cause to a problem.

Authors/Creators:Bjarstig, Therese and Mancheva, Irina and Zachrisson, Anna and Neumann, Wiebke and Svensson, Johan
Title:Is large-scale wind power a problem, solution, or victim? A frame analysis of the debate in Swedish media
Series Name/Journal:Energy Research and Social Science
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:83
Article number:102337
Number of Pages:11
ISSN:2214-6296
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 508 Media and Communications > Media Studies
Keywords:Wind energy, Wind parks, Media content analysis, Land-use, National interest areas, Planning
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114829
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114829
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.erss.2021.102337
Web of Science (WoS)000723625000008
ID Code:26333
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:16 Dec 2021 18:48
Metadata Last Modified:17 Dec 2021 06:01

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