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Doing and undoing gender in rice business and marketplaces in Tanzania

ILOMO, MESIA and ILOMO, MESIA and Rutashobya, Lettice Kinunda and Ishengoma, Esther K. and Pettersson, Katarina and Bergman Lodin, Johanna (2021). Doing and undoing gender in rice business and marketplaces in Tanzania. Cogent Social Sciences. 7 , 1934981
[Research article]

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Abstract

This paper contributes to the gender-and-marketplace literature by exploring whether and how the ongoing, under-researched food-to-cash crop transformation of rice in Tanzania reinforces or challenges the "doing of gender". We apply Acker's "doing gender" framework, where gender is done by following normative conceptions and undone by challenging them. We analyze women and men's everyday practices and relations in terms of identities, divisions, symbols and interactions. The empirical material includes observations, in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with women and men traders, farmers and key informants at two rice markets in Kyela, south-western Tanzania. We find that this transformation of rice has resulted in more processes of doing than undoing gender. Too, more women than men undo gender. Since men and masculinity are constructed as superior to women and femininity, this makes it more difficult for men to undo gender. The structures of the marketplaces also seem to influence these processes. Surprisingly, the old marketplace offers more avenues to undo gender, whereas the new, government-initiated marketplace reinforces the doing of gender. We conclude that this commercialization trajectory, including associated interventions, exacerbates rather than reduces gender inequalities. Future agricultural interventions should therefore consider both technical and social aspects to yield desired outcomes.

Authors/Creators:ILOMO, MESIA and ILOMO, MESIA and Rutashobya, Lettice Kinunda and Ishengoma, Esther K. and Pettersson, Katarina and Bergman Lodin, Johanna
Title:Doing and undoing gender in rice business and marketplaces in Tanzania
Series Name/Journal:Cogent Social Sciences
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:7
Article number:1934981
Number of Pages:22
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Gender Studies
Keywords:doing gender, undoing gender, Tanzania, marketplaces, rice
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114955
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114955
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1080/23311886.2021.1934981
Web of Science (WoS)000662655300001
ID Code:26375
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:22 Dec 2021 12:25
Metadata Last Modified:22 Dec 2021 12:31

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