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The Hitchhiker's Guide to Integration of Social and Ethical Awareness in Precision Livestock Farming Research

Guzhva, Oleksiy and Siegford, Janice M. and Lunner Kolstrup, Christina (2021). The Hitchhiker's Guide to Integration of Social and Ethical Awareness in Precision Livestock Farming Research. Frontiers in animal science. 2 , 725710
[Research article]

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Abstract

While fully automated livestock production may be considered the ultimate goal for optimising productivity at the farm level, the benefits and costs of such a development at the scale at which it needs to be implemented must also be considered from social and ethical perspectives. Automation resulting from Precision Livestock Farming (PLF) could alter fundamental views of human-animal interactions on farm and, even further, potentially compromise human and animal welfare and health if PLF development does not include a flexible, holistic strategy for integration. To investigate topic segregation, inclusion of socio-ethical aspects, and consideration of human-animal interactions within the PLF research field, the abstracts from 644 peer-reviewed publications were analysed using the recent advances in the Natural Language Processing (NLP). Two Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) probabilistic models with varying number of topics (13 and 3 for Model 1 and Model 2, respectively) were implemented to create a generalised research topic overview. The visual representation of topics produced by LDA Model 1 and Model 2 revealed prominent similarities in the terms contributing to each topic, with only weight for each term being different. The majority of terms for both models were process-oriented, obscuring the inclusion of social and ethical angles in PLF publications. A subset of articles (5%, n = 32) was randomly selected for manual examination of the full text to evaluate whether abstract text and focus reflected that of the article as a whole. Few of these articles (12.5%, n = 4) focused specifically on broader ethical or societal considerations of PLF or (9.4%, n = 3) discussed PLF with respect to human-animal interactions. While there was consideration of the impact of PLF on animal welfare and farmers in nearly half of the full texts examined (46.9%, n = 15), this was often limited to a few statements in passing. Further, these statements were typically general rather than specific and presented PLF as beneficial to human users and animal recipients. To develop PLF that is in keeping with the ethical values and societal concerns of the public and consumers, projects, and publications that deliberately combine social context with technological processes and results are needed.

Authors/Creators:Guzhva, Oleksiy and Siegford, Janice M. and Lunner Kolstrup, Christina
Title:The Hitchhiker's Guide to Integration of Social and Ethical Awareness in Precision Livestock Farming Research
Series Name/Journal:Frontiers in animal science
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:2
Article number:725710
Number of Pages:12
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114804
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114804
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3389/fanim.2021.725710
ID Code:26626
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
(LTJ, LTV) > Department of People and Society (from 2021)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:27 Dec 2021 13:25
Metadata Last Modified:27 Dec 2021 13:31

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