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'If the gas runs out, we are not going to sleep hungry': Exploring household energy choices in India's critically polluted coal belt

Chanchani, Devanshi and Oskarsson, Patrik (2021). 'If the gas runs out, we are not going to sleep hungry': Exploring household energy choices in India's critically polluted coal belt. Energy Research & Social Science. 80 , 102181
[Research article]

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Abstract

Despite a range of initiatives to introduce cleaner fuels, a large proportion of poor people in India continue to rely on solid fuels for cooking and heating, with severe implications for personal and family health. This paper seeks to open up the various fuel-supply strategies that underpin domestic energy use in low-income settings to explain the unconventional solutions (jugaad) that households employ to bridge the gap between energy needs and supply of various fuels, including liquefied petroleum gas. We draw on long-term ethnographic engagements in four severely polluted low-income urban settlements in central India’s coal belt to investigate how communities, and primarily women, ensure domestic energy provision. As households struggle to secure a range of potential fuels with different benefits and drawbacks, we outline the socio-cultural and economic processes that shape household energy decision-making. These highly uncertain processes take place within an institutional structure that offers some possibilities, but is overall too rigid to fit the lived realties of low-income residents. Although households commonly understand that there are negative health effects from solid-fuel smoke, pollution and health are only marginal considerations for households facing daily struggles to reduce expenses. We argue that understanding the everyday jugaad of household energy provision is crucial for the possibilities to shift away from fuels damaging to both human health and the environment.

Authors/Creators:Chanchani, Devanshi and Oskarsson, Patrik
Title:'If the gas runs out, we are not going to sleep hungry': Exploring household energy choices in India's critically polluted coal belt
Series Name/Journal:Energy Research & Social Science
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:80
Article number:102181
Number of Pages:10
ISSN:2214-6296
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Economic Geography
Keywords:Energy poverty, Feminist political ecology, Air pollution, Household fuel, Jugaad, India
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112863
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112863
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.erss.2021.102181
Web of Science (WoS)000722432000005
Otherhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629621002747
Alternative URL:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629621002747
ID Code:26699
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Jan 2022 14:22
Metadata Last Modified:14 Jan 2022 14:31

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