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Agriculture production as a major driver of the Earth system exceeding planetary boundaries

Campbell, Bruce M. and Beare, Douglas J. and Bennett, Elena M and Hall-Spencer, Jason M. and Ingram, John S. I. and Jaramillo, Fernando and Ortiz Rios, Rodomiro Octavio and Ramankutty, Navin and Sayer, Jeffrey A. and Shindell, Drew (2017). Agriculture production as a major driver of the Earth system exceeding planetary boundaries. Ecology and Society. 22 :4 , 8
[Research article]

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Abstract

We explore the role of agriculture in destabilizing the Earth system at the planetary scale, through examining nine planetary boundaries, or "safe limits": land-system change, freshwater use, biogeochemical flows, biosphere integrity, climate change, ocean acidification, stratospheric ozone depletion, atmospheric aerosol loading, and introduction of novel entities. Two planetary boundaries have been fully transgressed, i.e., are at high risk, biosphere integrity and biogeochemical flows, and agriculture has been the major driver of the transgression. Three are in a zone of uncertainty i.e., at increasing risk, with agriculture the major driver of two of those, land-system change and freshwater use, and a significant contributor to the third, climate change. Agriculture is also a significant or major contributor to change for many of those planetary boundaries still in the safe zone. To reduce the role of agriculture in transgressing planetary boundaries, many interventions will be needed, including those in broader food systems.

Authors/Creators:Campbell, Bruce M. and Beare, Douglas J. and Bennett, Elena M and Hall-Spencer, Jason M. and Ingram, John S. I. and Jaramillo, Fernando and Ortiz Rios, Rodomiro Octavio and Ramankutty, Navin and Sayer, Jeffrey A. and Shindell, Drew
Title:Agriculture production as a major driver of the Earth system exceeding planetary boundaries
Series Name/Journal:Ecology and Society
Year of publishing :2017
Volume:22
Number:4
Article number:8
Number of Pages:11
ISSN:1708-3087
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:aerosol loading, biogeochemical flows, biosphere integrity, chemical pollution, climate change, diversity, freshwater, land-system change, nitrogen, ocean acidification, ozone depletion, phosphorous
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-90771
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-90771
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.5751/ES-09595-220408
Web of Science (WoS)000419351000013
ID Code:26935
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:08 Feb 2022 14:26
Metadata Last Modified:08 Feb 2022 14:31

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