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Profitability of Crop Cultivation in Small Arable Fields When Taking Economic Values of Ecosystem Services into Account

Nilsson, Daniel and Rosenqvist, Håkan (2021). Profitability of Crop Cultivation in Small Arable Fields When Taking Economic Values of Ecosystem Services into Account. Sustainability. 13 :23 , 13354
[Research article]

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Abstract

Small arable fields are beneficial with regard to ecosystem services, e.g., concerning biodiversity. By selecting appropriate crops and cultivation practices, arable fields can also be used as carbon sinks. The objectives of this study were to investigate what impact field conditions (e.g., field size and shape) and payments (subsidies) for environmental benefits have on profitability. A dynamic simulation model was used to simulate machine operations in fields of two different shapes and five different sizes (from 0.75 to 12.00 ha). A wide range of crops cultivated in Sweden were investigated (fallow land and plantation of Norway spruce were also included). A perimeter-based subsidy was suggested in order to conserve and promote biodiversity, and an area- and crop-based subsidy was suggested in order to promote sequestration of soil organic carbon (SOC). The results showed that, without financial support and from a purely economic point of view, most field types investigated should be planted with Norway spruce. With currently available subsidies, e.g., EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) direct payments, hybrid aspen, poplar, fallow, and extensive ley cultivation are the most profitable crops. Perimeter-based subsidies favoured the net gain for small fields. As expected, a subsidy for sequestration of SOC favoured cultivation of specific SOC-sequestering crops such as ley, willow, and poplar. Our recommendation for future studies is to investigate a well-balanced combination of perimeter-based support and SOC sequestration support that benefits biodiversity and climate under different cultivation conditions.

Authors/Creators:Nilsson, Daniel and Rosenqvist, Håkan
Title:Profitability of Crop Cultivation in Small Arable Fields When Taking Economic Values of Ecosystem Services into Account
Series Name/Journal:Sustainability
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:13
Number:23
Article number:13354
Number of Pages:20
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2071-1050
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:profitability, small fields, biodiversity, field perimeter, carbon sequestration, direct payment
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115345
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115345
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/su132313354
Web of Science (WoS)000734642600001
ID Code:26941
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:08 Feb 2022 15:25
Metadata Last Modified:08 Feb 2022 15:31

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