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Climate change accelerates winter transmission of a zoonotic pathogen

Sipari, Saana and Khalil, Hussein and Magnusson, Magnus and Evander, Magnus and Hörnfeldt, Birger and Ecke, Frauke (2022). Climate change accelerates winter transmission of a zoonotic pathogen. AMBIO :: A Journal of the Human Environment. 51 :3 , 508-517
[Research article]

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Abstract

Many zoonotic diseases are weather sensitive, raising concern how their distribution and outbreaks will be affected by climate change. At northern high latitudes, the effect of global warming on especially winter conditions is strong. By using long term monitoring data (1980-1986 and 2003-2013) from Northern Europe on temperature, precipitation, an endemic zoonotic pathogen (Puumala orthohantavirus, PUUV) and its reservoir host (the bank vole, Myodes glareolus), we show that early winters have become increasingly wet, with a knock-on effect on pathogen transmission in its reservoir host population. Further, our study is the first to show a climate change effect on an endemic northern zoonosis, that is not induced by increased host abundance or distribution, demonstrating that climate change can also alter transmission intensity within host populations. Our results suggest that rainy early winters accelerate PUUV transmission in bank voles in winter, likely increasing the human zoonotic risk in the North.

Authors/Creators:Sipari, Saana and Khalil, Hussein and Magnusson, Magnus and Evander, Magnus and Hörnfeldt, Birger and Ecke, Frauke
Title:Climate change accelerates winter transmission of a zoonotic pathogen
Series Name/Journal:AMBIO :: A Journal of the Human Environment
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:51
Number:3
Page range:508-517
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:SPRINGER
ISSN:0044-7447
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Climate Research
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
Keywords:Climate change, Myodes glareolus, North, Puumala orthohantavirus, Winter, Zoonosis
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113096
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113096
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s13280-021-01594-y
Web of Science (WoS)000670151800002
ID Code:27095
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Feb 2022 14:25
Metadata Last Modified:14 Feb 2022 14:31

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