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The risk of unintended deforestation from scaling sustainable livestock production systems

Castro-Nunez, Augusto and Buritica, Alexander and Gonzalez, Carolina and Villarino, Eliza and Holmann, Federico and Perez, Lisset and Del Rio, Martha and Sandoval, Danny and Eufemia, Luca and Loehr, Katharina and Durango, Sandra and Romero, Miguel and Lana, Marcos and Sotelo, Steven and Rivera, Ovidio and Maria Loboguerrero, Ana and Quintero, Marcela (2021). The risk of unintended deforestation from scaling sustainable livestock production systems. Conservation science and practice. 3 :9 , e495
[Research article]

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Abstract

Silvopastoral systems (SPS)-production systems integrating trees, forages, and livestock within the same land area-are recognized as critical for reducing tropical deforestation and improving livelihoods, ecosystem services, and carbon sinks. Yet, research on how scaling SPS influences forest cover changes at large geographical scales is scant. Our study delves deeper into the interlinkages between scaling SPS and deforestation. In two surveys conducted among 144 Colombian Amazon livestock producers with traditional or SPS farms, we assessed changes in herd composition between 2016 and 2020. Results showed a change in herd composition, with fewer males and more cows/heifers, suggesting a shift toward specializing in milk production, which, with the appropriate environmental incentives and safeguards, would unlikely broaden deforestation. However, interlinkages between the dairy and beef value chains suggest that extra male cattle from SPS intensification would be moved for fattening as a source of beef to new pastures at the forest border. If SPS scaling interventions in the Colombian Amazon are to be truly deforestation-free, they need to be designed based on a clear understanding of the interlinkages between food and land systems. Therefore, policies advancing the livestock and land-use agenda must create mechanisms that support deforestation-free livestock intensification, based on biophysical and socioeconomic evaluations.

Authors/Creators:Castro-Nunez, Augusto and Buritica, Alexander and Gonzalez, Carolina and Villarino, Eliza and Holmann, Federico and Perez, Lisset and Del Rio, Martha and Sandoval, Danny and Eufemia, Luca and Loehr, Katharina and Durango, Sandra and Romero, Miguel and Lana, Marcos and Sotelo, Steven and Rivera, Ovidio and Maria Loboguerrero, Ana and Quintero, Marcela
Title:The risk of unintended deforestation from scaling sustainable livestock production systems
Series Name/Journal:Conservation science and practice
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:3
Number:9
Article number:e495
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:2578-4854
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:deforestation leakage, deforestation-free agriculture, environmental safeguards, scaling-out, silvopastoral systems, sustainable land use systems
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113160
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113160
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/csp2.495
Web of Science (WoS)000673346000001
ID Code:27124
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:17 Feb 2022 11:25
Metadata Last Modified:17 Feb 2022 11:31

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