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Movement asymmetries in horses presented for prepurchase or lameness examination

Hardeman, Aagje M. and Egenvall, Agneta and Serra Bragança, Filipe M. and Koene, Marc H. W. and Swagemakers, Jan-Hein and Roepstorff, Lars and van Weeren, P. René and Byström, Anna (2022). Movement asymmetries in horses presented for prepurchase or lameness examination. Equine Veterinary Journal. 54 :2 , 334-346
[Research article]

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Abstract

Background The increasing popularity of objective gait analysis makes application in prepurchase examinations (PPE) a logical next step. Therefore, there is a need to have more understanding of asymmetry during a PPE in horses described on clinical evaluation as subtly lame.Objectives The objective of this study is to objectively compare asymmetry in horses raising minor vet concerns in a PPE and in horses raising major vet concerns with that found in horses presented with subtle single-limb lameness, and to investigate the effect of age/discipline on the clinicians' interpretation of asymmetry on the classification of minor vet concerns in a PPE.Study Design Clinical case-series.Methods Horses presented for PPE (n = 98) or subjectively evaluated as single limb low-grade (1-2/5) lame (n = 24, 13 forelimb lame, 11 hindlimb lame), from the patient population of a single clinic, were enrolled in the study provided that owners were willing to participate. Horses undergoing PPE were assigned a classification of having minor vet concerns (n = 84) or major vet concerns (n = 14) based on findings during the dynamic-orthopaedic part of the PPE. Lame horses were only included if pain-related lameness was confirmed by an objective improvement after diagnostic analgesia exceeding daily variation determined for equine symmetry parameters using optical motion capture. Clinical evaluation was performed by six different clinicians, each with >= 8 years of equine orthopaedic experience. Vertical movement symmetry was measured using optical motion capture, simultaneously with the orthopaedic examination. Data were analysed using previously described parameters and mixed model analysis and least squares means were used to calculate differences between groups.Results There was no effect of age or discipline on the levels of asymmetry within PPE horses raising minor vet concerns. MinDiff and RUD of the head discriminated between forelimb lame and PPE horses raising minor vet concerns; MinDiff, MaxDiff, RUD of the Pelvis, HHDswing and HHDstance did so for hindlimb lameness. Two lameness patterns differentiated both forelimb and hindlimb lame from PPE horses with minor vet concerns: RUD Poll + MinDiff Withers - RUD Pelvis and RUD Pelvis + RUD Poll - MinDiff Withers. Correcting for vertical range of motion enabled differentiation of PPE horses with minor vet concerns from PPE horses with major vet concerns.Main Limitations Objective data only based on trot on soft surface, limited number of PPE horses with major vet concerns.Conclusions Combinations of kinematic parameters discriminate between PPE horses with minor vet concerns and subtly lame horses, though overlap exists.

Authors/Creators:Hardeman, Aagje M. and Egenvall, Agneta and Serra Bragança, Filipe M. and Koene, Marc H. W. and Swagemakers, Jan-Hein and Roepstorff, Lars and van Weeren, P. René and Byström, Anna
Title:Movement asymmetries in horses presented for prepurchase or lameness examination
Series Name/Journal:Equine Veterinary Journal
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:54
Number:2
Page range:334-346
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:0425-1644
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Medical Bioscience
Keywords:clinical, gait analysis, horse, kinematics, lameness, PPE, purchase evaluation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112602
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112602
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/evj.13453
Web of Science (WoS)000659142000001
ID Code:27152
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Feb 2022 11:25
Metadata Last Modified:21 Feb 2022 11:31

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