Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Human impacts and their interactions in the Baltic Sea region

Reckermann, Marcus and Omstedt, Anders and Soomere, Tarmo and Aigars, Juris and Akhtar, Naveed and Beldowska, Magdalena and Beldowski, Jacek and Cronin, Tom and Czub, Michal and Eero, Margit and Hyytiainen, Kari Petri and Jalkanen, Jukka-Pekka and Kiessling, Anders and Kjellstrom, Erik and Kulinski, Karol and Xiaoli Guo, Larsen and McCrackin, Michelle and Meier, H. E. Markus and Oberbeckmann, Sonja and Parnell, Kevin and de Brauwer, Cristian Pons-Seres and Poska, Anneli and Saarinen, Jarkko and Szymczycha, Beata and Undeman, Emma and Worman, Anders and Zorita, Eduardo (2022). Human impacts and their interactions in the Baltic Sea region. . 13 :1 , 1-80
[Article Review/Survey]

[img] PDF
8MB

Abstract

Coastal environments, in particular heavily populated semi-enclosed marginal seas and coasts like the Baltic Sea region, are strongly affected by human activities. A multitude of human impacts, including climate change, affect the different compartments of the environment, and these effects interact with each other. As part of the Baltic Earth Assessment Reports (BEAR), we present an inventory and discussion of different human-induced factors and processes affecting the environment of the Baltic Sea region, and their interrelations. Some are naturally occurring and modified by human activities (i.e. climate change, coastal processes, hypoxia, acidification, submarine groundwater discharges, marine ecosystems, non-indigenous species, land use and land cover), some are completely human-induced (i.e. agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries, river regulations, offshore wind farms, shipping, chemical contamination, dumped warfare agents, marine litter and microplastics, tourism, and coastal management), and they are all interrelated to different degrees. We present a general description and analysis of the state of knowledge on these interrelations. Our main insight is that climate change has an overarching, integrating impact on all of the other factors and can be interpreted as a background effect, which has different implications for the other factors. Impacts on the environment and the human sphere can be roughly allocated to anthropogenic drivers such as food production, energy production, transport, industry and economy. The findings from this inventory of available information and analysis of the different factors and their interactions in the Baltic Sea region can largely be transferred to other comparable marginal and coastal seas in the world.

Authors/Creators:Reckermann, Marcus and Omstedt, Anders and Soomere, Tarmo and Aigars, Juris and Akhtar, Naveed and Beldowska, Magdalena and Beldowski, Jacek and Cronin, Tom and Czub, Michal and Eero, Margit and Hyytiainen, Kari Petri and Jalkanen, Jukka-Pekka and Kiessling, Anders and Kjellstrom, Erik and Kulinski, Karol and Xiaoli Guo, Larsen and McCrackin, Michelle and Meier, H. E. Markus and Oberbeckmann, Sonja and Parnell, Kevin and de Brauwer, Cristian Pons-Seres and Poska, Anneli and Saarinen, Jarkko and Szymczycha, Beata and Undeman, Emma and Worman, Anders and Zorita, Eduardo
Title:Human impacts and their interactions in the Baltic Sea region
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:13
Number:1
Page range:1-80
Number of Pages:80
Publisher:COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Climate Research
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115795
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115795
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.5194/esd-13-1-2022
Web of Science (WoS)000739136900001
ID Code:27166
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Feb 2022 15:13
Metadata Last Modified:21 Feb 2022 15:21

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits