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Technology neutrality in European regulation of GMOs

Sandin, Per and Munthe, Christian and Edvardsson Björnberg, Karin (2021). Technology neutrality in European regulation of GMOs. Ethics, Policy and Environment. 25 , 52-68
[Research article]

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Objections to the current EU regulatory system on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in terms of high cost and lack of consistency, speed and scientific underpinning have prompted proposals for a more technology-neutral system. We sketch the conceptual background of the notion of ‘technology neutrality’ and propose a refined definition of the term. The proposed definition implies that technology neutrality of a regulatory system is a gradual and multidimensional feature. We use the definition to analyze two regulatory reform proposals: One proposal from the Netherlands for improving the exemption mechanism for GMOs under Directive 2001/18/EC, and one from the Norwegian Biotechnology Advisory Board, outlining a new stratified risk assessment procedure. While both proposals offer some degree of improved technology neutrality in some dimensions compared to current EU regulation, in some extents and dimensions, they do not. We conclude that proposals for more technology-neutral regulation of GMOs need, first, to make explicit to what extent and in what dimensions the proposal improves neutrality and, second, to present arguments supporting that these specific improvements constitute desirable policy change against the background of objections to current policy.

Authors/Creators:Sandin, Per and Munthe, Christian and Edvardsson Björnberg, Karin
Title:Technology neutrality in European regulation of GMOs
Series Name/Journal:Ethics, Policy and Environment
Year of publishing :2021
Page range:52-68
Number of Pages:17
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Mistra Biotech
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 506 Political Science > Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Keywords:Genetic modification, GMO, technology neutrality, European Union
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Additional ID:
Type of IDID
ID Code:27270
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:07 Mar 2022 16:25
Metadata Last Modified:07 Mar 2022 16:31

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