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Climate variability and grain production in Scania, 1702-1911

Skoglund, Martin (2022). Climate variability and grain production in Scania, 1702-1911. Climate of the Past. 18 :3 , 405-433
[Research article]

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Abstract

Scania (Skane in Swedish), southern Sweden, offers a particularly interesting case for studying the historical relationship between climate variability and grain production, given the favorable natural conditions in terms of climate and soils for grain production, as well as the low share of temperature-sensitive wheat varieties in its production composition. In this article, a contextual understanding of historical grain production in Scania, including historical, phenological, and natural geographic aspects, is combined with a quantitative analysis of available empirical sources to estimate the relationship between climate variability and grain production between the years 1702 and 1911. The main result of this study is that grain production in Scania was primarily sensitive to climate variability during the high summer months of June and July, preferring cool and humid conditions, and to some extent precipitation during the winter months, preferring dry conditions. Diversity within and between historical grain varieties contributed to making this risk manageable. Furthermore, no evidence is found for grain production being particularly sensitive to climate variability during the spring, autumn, and harvest seasons. At the end of the study period, these relationships were shifting as the so-called early improved cultivars were being imported from other parts of Europe. Finally, new light is shed on the climate history of the region, especially for the late 18th century, previously argued to be a particularly cold period, through homogenization of the early instrumental temperature series from Lund (1753-1870).

Authors/Creators:Skoglund, Martin
Title:Climate variability and grain production in Scania, 1702-1911
Series Name/Journal:Climate of the Past
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:18
Number:3
Page range:405-433
Number of Pages:29
Publisher:COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH
ISSN:1814-9324
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116472
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116472
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.5194/cp-18-405-2022
Web of Science (WoS)000766177300001
ID Code:27440
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:25 Mar 2022 11:25
Metadata Last Modified:25 Mar 2022 11:31

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