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Anatomical, physical, chemical, and biological durability properties of two rattan species of different diameter classes

Ahmed, Sheikh Ali and Hosseinpourpia, Reza and Brischke, Christian and Adamopoulos, Stergios (2022). Anatomical, physical, chemical, and biological durability properties of two rattan species of different diameter classes. Forests. 13 :1 , 132
[Research article]

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Abstract

Rattan cane is an important forest product with economic value. Its anatomical, physical, and biological properties vary with the cane height. This makes it difficult to select the appropriate cane diameter for harvesting. Understanding the material properties of rattan cane with different diameter sizes is important to enhance its utilization and performance for different end uses. Thus, the present study was performed on two rattan species, Calamus zollingeri and Calamus ornatus, at two different cane heights (bottom/mature and top/juvenile). Calamus zollingeri was studied at diameter classes of 20 mm and 30 mm, while Calamus ornatus was analyzed at a diameter class of 15 mm. The anatomical properties, basic density, volumetric swelling, dynamic moisture sorption, and biological durability of rattan samples were studied. The results showed that C. zollingeri with a 20 mm diameter exhibited the highest basic density, hydrophobicity, dimensional stability, and durability against mold and white-rot (Trametes versicolor) fungi. As confirmed by anatomical studies, this could be due to the higher vascular bundle frequency and longer thick-walled fibers that led to a denser structure than in the other categories. In addition, the lignin content might have a positive effect on the mass loss of different rattan canes caused by white-rot decay.

Authors/Creators:Ahmed, Sheikh Ali and Hosseinpourpia, Reza and Brischke, Christian and Adamopoulos, Stergios
Title:Anatomical, physical, chemical, and biological durability properties of two rattan species of different diameter classes
Series Name/Journal:Forests
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:13
Number:1
Article number:132
Number of Pages:13
ISSN:1999-4907
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:Calamus zollingeri, Calamus ornatus, dynamic vapor sorption, basic density, volumetric swelling, white rot, mold
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115473
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115473
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/f13010132
Web of Science (WoS)000757578800001
ID Code:27458
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:28 Mar 2022 12:25
Metadata Last Modified:13 Sep 2022 01:46

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