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Travel demand and environmental policy

Stråle, Jonathan (2022). Travel demand and environmental policy. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880
ISBN 978-91-7760-923-0
eISBN 978-91-7760-924-7
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

In a simple theoretical set-up, the “regulator” is only interested in the social cost of carbon, but in a second best world when carbon pricing may be problematic in some sectors (such as international travel) the effects of alternative instruments will depend on the income and price elasticities of the demand for the good, tax effects, potential behavioral effects, and other determinants of demand. Understanding how these factors affect travel demand is therefore of great interest for policy. This thesis consists of three papers that estimate and evaluate the effects of income, taxes, prices and leisure time on the demand for international travel, as well as discuss the policy implications of the estimated results. In Paper I, heterogeneous household level income elasticities of international travel from Sweden are estimated. It is shown that increases in income have a large effect on the demand for international travel, and that this is particularly driven by the households who consume relatively little of the good. In Paper II, the effects of the recent Swedish aviation tax on the demand and price of international air travel from Sweden are estimated. The effects of the tax on the demand for international air travel are large, but no significant price effects can be found at a price index level. Using web-scraped route level price data, a price elasticity is also estimated, and it is shown that the demand effects from the tax are much larger than can be explained by pure price effects from the tax, even when it is assumed that the tax has a full pass-over on the prices of air travel. This indicates behavioral effects of the tax. In Paper III, the effects of increases in leisure time on the demand for leisure travel, and the importance of starting levels of leisure time, are analyzed both theoretically and empirically. It is shown that increases in leisure time have a positive effect on travel demand when the starting amount of leisure that the individual has is low, but that the effects decrease as the starting amount of leisure time increases.

Authors/Creators:Stråle, Jonathan
Title:Travel demand and environmental policy
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2022
Number:2022:24
Number of Pages:48
Publisher:Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-923-0
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-924-7
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:travel demand, air travel, income elasticity, price elasticity, tax effects, behavioral effects, leisure time, environmental policy
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116627
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116627
ID Code:27517
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:07 Apr 2022 14:52
Metadata Last Modified:17 May 2022 03:17

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