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Fungi as mediators linking organisms and ecosystems

Bahram, Mohammad and Netherway, Tarquin (2021). Fungi as mediators linking organisms and ecosystems. FEMS Microbiology Reviews. 46 :2 , fuab058
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

The unique set of traits that fungi exhibit, and the versatility of these traits facilitate the mediating role that fungi play in host and ecosystem functioning through the establishment of dynamic evolutionary and ecological interactions.Fungi form a major and diverse component of most ecosystems on Earth. They are both micro and macroorganisms with high and varying functional diversity as well as great variation in dispersal modes. With our growing knowledge of microbial biogeography, it has become increasingly clear that fungal assembly patterns and processes differ from other microorganisms such as bacteria, but also from macroorganisms such as plants. The success of fungi as organisms and their influence on the environment lies in their ability to span multiple dimensions of time, space, and biological interactions, that is not rivalled by other organism groups. There is also growing evidence that fungi mediate links between different organisms and ecosystems, with the potential to affect the macroecology and evolution of those organisms. This suggests that fungal interactions are an ecological driving force, interconnecting different levels of biological and ecological organisation of their hosts, competitors, and antagonists with the environment and ecosystem functioning. Here we review these emerging lines of evidence by focusing on the dynamics of fungal interactions with other organism groups across various ecosystems. We conclude that the mediating role of fungi through their complex and dynamic ecological interactions underlie their importance and ubiquity across Earth's ecosystems.

Authors/Creators:Bahram, Mohammad and Netherway, Tarquin
Title:Fungi as mediators linking organisms and ecosystems
Series Name/Journal:FEMS Microbiology Reviews
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:46
Number:2
Article number:fuab058
Number of Pages:16
Publisher:OXFORD UNIV PRESS
ISSN:0168-6445
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:biotic interactions, fungal biogeography, symbiosis, mycovirus, mycobiota, omics
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116592
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116592
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1093/femsre/fuab058
Web of Science (WoS)000763637200005
ID Code:27554
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:17 Apr 2022 16:25
Metadata Last Modified:17 Apr 2022 16:31

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