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Geographic and Socioeconomic Influence on Knowledge and Practices Related to Antimicrobial Resistance among Smallholder Pig Farmers in Uganda

Nohrborg, Sandra and Dione, Michel Mainack and Winfred, Amia Christine and Okello, Louis and Wieland, Barbara and Magnusson, Ulf (2022). Geographic and Socioeconomic Influence on Knowledge and Practices Related to Antimicrobial Resistance among Smallholder Pig Farmers in Uganda. Antibiotics. 11 :2 , 251
[Research article]

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Abstract

To mitigate the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), antibiotic use (ABU) in the livestock sector needs to be reduced. In low- and middle-income countries, regulations have shown to be less successful in reducing ABU. Here, a bottom-up approach can complement legal frameworks, which requires an understanding of the drivers for ABU. In this study, we investigated the influence of geographic and socioeconomic settings on determinants for ABU among pig farmers in Uganda. The data were collected through a questionnaire in two districts, Lira and Mukono, and comparative statistical analyses were performed. Farmers in Lira had less access to animal health services, applied disease prevention measures less and used antibiotics more. In Mukono, it was more common to consult a veterinarian in response to disease, while in Lira it was more common to consult an animal health worker. There was no difference in how many farmers followed treatment instructions from a veterinarian, but it was more common in Lira to follow instructions from pharmacies. The findings support the need for locally tailored AMR-reducing interventions to complement regulations. To accomplish this tailoring, systematic collection of knowledge of farm structures, farm practices and access to animal health services and veterinary drugs is necessary.

Authors/Creators:Nohrborg, Sandra and Dione, Michel Mainack and Winfred, Amia Christine and Okello, Louis and Wieland, Barbara and Magnusson, Ulf
Title:Geographic and Socioeconomic Influence on Knowledge and Practices Related to Antimicrobial Resistance among Smallholder Pig Farmers in Uganda
Series Name/Journal:Antibiotics
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:11
Number:2
Article number:251
Number of Pages:15
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2079-6382
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:antimicrobial use, antimicrobial resistance, smallholders, pig farming, livestock, farm practices, knowledge, access
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116493
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116493
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/antibiotics11020251
Web of Science (WoS)000764477600001
ID Code:27593
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:22 Apr 2022 09:25
Metadata Last Modified:22 Apr 2022 09:31

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