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Think globally, measure locally: The MIREN standardized protocol for monitoring plant species distributions along elevation gradients

Haider, Sylvia and Lembrechts, Jonas J. and McDougall, Keith and Pauchard, Anibal and Alexander, Jake M. and Barros, Agustina and Cavieres, Lohengrin A. and Rashid, Irfan and Rew, Lisa J. and Aleksanyan, Alla and Arevalo, Jose R. and Aschero, Valeria and Chisholm, Chelsea and Clark, V. Ralph and Clavel, Jan and Daehler, Curtis and Dar, Pervaiz A. and Dietz, Hansjorg and Dimarco, Romina D. and Edwards, Peter and Essl, Franz and Fuentes-Lillo, Eduardo and Guisan, Antoine and Gwate, Onalenna and Hargreaves, Anna L. and Jakobs, Gabi and Jimenez, Alejandra and Kardol, Paul and Kueffer, Christoph and Larson, Christian and Lenoir, Jonathan and Lenzner, Bernd and Padron Mederos, Miguel A. and Mihoc, Maritza and Milbau, Ann and Morgan, John W. and Mullerova, Jana and Naylor, Bridgett J. and Nijs, Ivan and Nunez, Martin A. and Otto, Rudiger and Preuk, Niels and Ratier Backes, Amanda and Reshi, Zafar A. and Rumpf, Sabine B. and Sandoya, Veronica and Schroder, Mellesa and Speziale, Karina L. and Urbach, Davnah and Valencia, Graciela and Vandvik, Vigdis and Vitková, Michaela and Vorstenbosch, Tom and Walker, Tom W. N. and Walsh, Neville and Wright, Genevieve and Zong, Shengwei and Seipel, Tim (2022). Think globally, measure locally: The MIREN standardized protocol for monitoring plant species distributions along elevation gradients. Ecology and Evolution. 12 :2 , e8590
[Research article]

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Abstract

Climate change and other global change drivers threaten plant diversity in mountains worldwide. A widely documented response to such environmental modifications is for plant species to change their elevational ranges. Range shifts are often idiosyncratic and difficult to generalize, partly due to variation in sampling methods. There is thus a need for a standardized monitoring strategy that can be applied across mountain regions to assess distribution changes and community turnover of native and non-native plant species over space and time. Here, we present a conceptually intuitive and standardized protocol developed by the Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN) to systematically quantify global patterns of native and non-native species distributions along elevation gradients and shifts arising from interactive effects of climate change and human disturbance. Usually repeated every five years, surveys consist of 20 sample sites located at equal elevation increments along three replicate roads per sampling region. At each site, three plots extend from the side of a mountain road into surrounding natural vegetation. The protocol has been successfully used in 18 regions worldwide from 2007 to present. Analyses of one point in time already generated some salient results, and revealed region-specific elevational patterns of native plant species richness, but a globally consistent elevational decline in non-native species richness. Non-native plants were also more abundant directly adjacent to road edges, suggesting that disturbed roadsides serve as a vector for invasions into mountains. From the upcoming analyses of time series, even more exciting results can be expected, especially about range shifts. Implementing the protocol in more mountain regions globally would help to generate a more complete picture of how global change alters species distributions. This would inform conservation policy in mountain ecosystems, where some conservation policies remain poorly implemented.

Authors/Creators:Haider, Sylvia and Lembrechts, Jonas J. and McDougall, Keith and Pauchard, Anibal and Alexander, Jake M. and Barros, Agustina and Cavieres, Lohengrin A. and Rashid, Irfan and Rew, Lisa J. and Aleksanyan, Alla and Arevalo, Jose R. and Aschero, Valeria and Chisholm, Chelsea and Clark, V. Ralph and Clavel, Jan and Daehler, Curtis and Dar, Pervaiz A. and Dietz, Hansjorg and Dimarco, Romina D. and Edwards, Peter and Essl, Franz and Fuentes-Lillo, Eduardo and Guisan, Antoine and Gwate, Onalenna and Hargreaves, Anna L. and Jakobs, Gabi and Jimenez, Alejandra and Kardol, Paul and Kueffer, Christoph and Larson, Christian and Lenoir, Jonathan and Lenzner, Bernd and Padron Mederos, Miguel A. and Mihoc, Maritza and Milbau, Ann and Morgan, John W. and Mullerova, Jana and Naylor, Bridgett J. and Nijs, Ivan and Nunez, Martin A. and Otto, Rudiger and Preuk, Niels and Ratier Backes, Amanda and Reshi, Zafar A. and Rumpf, Sabine B. and Sandoya, Veronica and Schroder, Mellesa and Speziale, Karina L. and Urbach, Davnah and Valencia, Graciela and Vandvik, Vigdis and Vitková, Michaela and Vorstenbosch, Tom and Walker, Tom W. N. and Walsh, Neville and Wright, Genevieve and Zong, Shengwei and Seipel, Tim
Title:Think globally, measure locally: The MIREN standardized protocol for monitoring plant species distributions along elevation gradients
Series Name/Journal:Ecology and Evolution
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:12
Number:2
Article number:e8590
Number of Pages:16
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:2045-7758
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:climate change, invasive species, long-term ecological monitoring, MIREN, mountain biodiversity, Mountain Invasion Research Network, range dynamics, range expansions
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116534
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116534
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1002/ece3.8590
Web of Science (WoS)000760366500001
ID Code:27603
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:25 Apr 2022 07:25
Metadata Last Modified:17 May 2022 02:45

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