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Ecological connectivity of the marine protected area network in the Baltic Sea, Kattegat and Skagerrak: Current knowledge and management needs

Berkström, Charlotte and Wennerström, Lovisa and Bergström, Ulf (2022). Ecological connectivity of the marine protected area network in the Baltic Sea, Kattegat and Skagerrak: Current knowledge and management needs. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment. 51 :6 , 1485-1503
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Abstract

Marine protected areas (MPAs) have become a key component of conservation and fisheries management to alleviate anthropogenic pressures. For MPA networks to efficiently promote persistence and recovery of populations, ecological connectivity, i.e. dispersal and movement of organisms and material across ecosystems, needs to be taken into account. To improve the ecological coherence of MPA networks, there is hence a need to evaluate the connectivity of species spreading through active migration and passive dispersal. We reviewed knowledge on ecological connectivity in the Baltic Sea, Kattegat and Skagerrak in the northeast Atlantic and present available information on species-specific dispersal and migration distances. Studies on genetic connectivity are summarised and discussed in relation to dispersal-based analyses. Threats to ecological connectivity, limiting dispersal of populations and lowering the resilience to environmental change, were examined. Additionally, a review of studies evaluating the ecological coherence of MPA networks in the Baltic Sea, Kattegat and Skagerrak was performed, and suggestions for future evaluations to meet management needs are presented.

Authors/Creators:Berkström, Charlotte and Wennerström, Lovisa and Bergström, Ulf
Title:Ecological connectivity of the marine protected area network in the Baltic Sea, Kattegat and Skagerrak: Current knowledge and management needs
Series Name/Journal:AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:51
Number:6
Page range:1485-1503
Number of Pages:19
Publisher:SPRINGER
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Coastal and sea areas
ISSN:0044-7447
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Fish and Aquacultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Connectivity, Dispersal, Ecological coherence, Migration, Marine protected areas (MPAs), Mobile links
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115238
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-115238
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s13280-021-01684-x
Web of Science (WoS)000735727800001
ID Code:27624
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Aquatic Resources
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:26 Apr 2022 09:25
Metadata Last Modified:26 Apr 2022 09:31

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