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Barriers and bridges for sustaining functional habitat networks: A macroecological system analysis of wet grassland landscapes

Angelstam, Per and Manton, Michael and Stjernquist, Ingrid and Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar and Rosenberg, Mats and Thorup, Ole and Wedholm, Per and Elts, Jaanus and Gruberts, Davis (2022). Barriers and bridges for sustaining functional habitat networks: A macroecological system analysis of wet grassland landscapes. Ecology and Evolution. 12 :4 , e8801
[Research article]

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Abstract

This study aims at supporting the maintenance of representative functional habitat networks as green infrastructure for biodiversity conservation through transdisciplinary macroecological analyses of wet grassland landscapes and their stewardship systems. We chose ten north European wet grassland case study landscapes from Iceland and the Netherlands in the west to Lithuania and Belarus in the east. We combine expert experiences for 20-30 years, comparative studies made 2011-2017, and longitudinal analyses spanning >70 years. Wader, or shorebird, (Charadrii) assemblages were chosen as a focal species group. We used evidence-based knowledge and practical experience generated in three steps. (1) Experts from 8 wet grassland landscapes in northern Europe's west and east mapped factors linked to patterns and processes, and management and governance, in social-ecological systems that affect states and trends of wet grasslands as green infrastructures for wader birds. (2) To understand wader conservation problems and their dynamic in wet grassland landscapes, and to identify key issues for successful conservation, we applied group modeling using causal loop diagram mapping. (3) Validation was made using the historic development in two additional wet grassland landscapes. Wader conservation was dependent on ten dynamically interacting ecological and social system factors as leverage points for management. Re-wetting and grazing were common drivers for the ecological and social system, and long-term economic support for securing farmers' interest in wader bird conservation. Financial public incentives at higher levels of governance of wetland management are needed to stimulate private income loops. Systems analysis based on contrasting landscape case studies in space and over time can support (1) understanding of complex interactions in social-ecological systems, (2) collaborative learning in individual wet grassland landscapes, and (3) formulation of priorities for conservation, management, and restoration.

Authors/Creators:Angelstam, Per and Manton, Michael and Stjernquist, Ingrid and Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar and Rosenberg, Mats and Thorup, Ole and Wedholm, Per and Elts, Jaanus and Gruberts, Davis
Title:Barriers and bridges for sustaining functional habitat networks: A macroecological system analysis of wet grassland landscapes
Series Name/Journal:Ecology and Evolution
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:12
Number:4
Article number:e8801
Number of Pages:20
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:2045-7758
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:biodiversity, conservation, governance, landscape restoration, macroecology, meta-conspiracy, power, social-ecological system
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116766
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116766
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1002/ece3.8801
Web of Science (WoS)000778722400001
ID Code:27628
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:26 Apr 2022 10:26
Metadata Last Modified:26 Apr 2022 10:31

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