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Opportunities for Mitigating Soil Compaction in Europe-Case Studies from the SoilCare Project Using Soil-Improving Cropping Systems

Piccoli, Ilaria and Bolinder, Martin A. and Seehusen, Till and Vizitu, Olga and Calciu, Irina and Berti, Antonio and Börjesson, Gunnar and Kirchmann, Holger and Kätterer, Thomas and Sartori, Felice and Stoate, Chris and Crotty, Felicity and Panagea, Ioanna S. and Alaoui, Abdallah and Bolinder, Martin (2022). Opportunities for Mitigating Soil Compaction in Europe-Case Studies from the SoilCare Project Using Soil-Improving Cropping Systems. Land. 11 :2 , 223
[Research article]

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Abstract

Soil compaction (SC) is a major threat for agriculture in Europe that affects many ecosystem functions, such as water and air circulation in soils, root growth, and crop production. Our objective was to present the results from five short-term (<5 years) case studies located along the north-south and east-west gradients and conducted within the SoilCare project using soil-improving cropping systems (SICSs) for mitigating topsoil and subsoil SC. Two study sites (SSs) focused on natural subsoil (>25 cm) compaction using subsoiling tillage treatments to depths of 35 cm (Sweden) and 60 cm (Romania). The other SSs addressed both topsoil and subsoil SC (>25 cm, Norway and United Kingdom; >30 cm, Italy) using deep-rooted bio-drilling crops and different tillage types or a combination of both. Each SS evaluated the effectiveness of the SICSs by measuring the soil physical properties, and we calculated SC indices. The SICSs showed promising results-for example, alfalfa in Norway showed good potential for alleviating SC (the subsoil density decreased from 1.69 to 1.45 g cm(-1)) and subsoiling at the Swedish SS improved root penetration into the subsoil by about 10 cm-but the effects of SICSs on yields were generally small. These case studies also reflected difficulties in implementing SICSs, some of which are under development, and we discuss methodological issues for measuring their effectiveness. There is a need for refining these SICSs and for evaluating their longer-term effect under a wider range of pedoclimatic conditions.

Authors/Creators:Piccoli, Ilaria and Bolinder, Martin A. and Seehusen, Till and Vizitu, Olga and Calciu, Irina and Berti, Antonio and Börjesson, Gunnar and Kirchmann, Holger and Kätterer, Thomas and Sartori, Felice and Stoate, Chris and Crotty, Felicity and Panagea, Ioanna S. and Alaoui, Abdallah and Bolinder, Martin
Title:Opportunities for Mitigating Soil Compaction in Europe-Case Studies from the SoilCare Project Using Soil-Improving Cropping Systems
Series Name/Journal:Land
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:11
Number:2
Article number:223
Number of Pages:26
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2073-445X
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Soil Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:degree of compaction, soil penetration resistance, relative normalised density, air-filled porosity, tillage, straw incorporation, bio-drilling crops, subsoiling, crop productivity
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116799
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116799
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/land11020223
Web of Science (WoS)000775767500001
ID Code:27668
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment

(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:02 May 2022 08:25
Metadata Last Modified:02 May 2022 08:31

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