Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Biosafety legislation and the regulatory status of the products of precision breeding in the Latin America and the Caribbean region

Rosado, Andre and Eriksson, Dennis (2022). Biosafety legislation and the regulatory status of the products of precision breeding in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. Plants, People, Planet. 4 :3 , 214-231
[Article Review/Survey]

[img] PDF
1MB

Abstract

It is still uncertain whether the products of precision breeding will be considered and regulated as living modified organisms (LMOs) or not. This article illustrates current regulatory matters of precision breeding in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region and provides recommendations to support the corresponding legal interpretation. This is done by analyzing domestic biosafety legal frameworks of LMOs, together with the results from a survey sent to regulatory officers and public researchers in the region. Previous similar publications have focused on a limited selection of countries in the region, but this is the first time a comprehensive overview of all 33 countries is presented. Our results classify countries in five main groups based on their approach to define LMOs under domestic biosafety legislation. Most notably, the key criterion for the clustering of countries is whether the legislation has adopted the legal definition of LMOs according to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity or not. This article highlights that the lack of clarification on the meaning of major terms, such as "naturally," "manipulation," and "a novel combination" of genetic material, can provoke ambiguity when applying the biosafety law in products derived from precision breeding. Also, countries require to adopt administrative procedures to determine the regulatory status of precision breeding products. Finally, this article suggests that the rapid adoption of such procedures relevant to precision breeding is strongly connected to the role of agriculture and biotechnology in the countries and with national economic and political perspectives.

Authors/Creators:Rosado, Andre and Eriksson, Dennis
Title:Biosafety legislation and the regulatory status of the products of precision breeding in the Latin America and the Caribbean region
Series Name/Journal:Plants, People, Planet
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:4
Number:3
Page range:214-231
Number of Pages:18
Publisher:WILEY
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 404 Agricultural Biotechnology > Genetics and Breeding
Keywords:biosafety law, biotechnology, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, Latin America and the Caribbean, living modified organism, precision breeding
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114910
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114910
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1002/ppp3.10243
Web of Science (WoS)000727171300001
ID Code:27685
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:02 May 2022 14:42
Metadata Last Modified:02 May 2022 14:51

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits