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The changing culture of silviculture

Achim, Alexis and Moreau, Guillaume and Coops, Nicholas C. and Axelson, Jodi and Barrette, Julie and Bédard, Steve and Byrne, Kenneth E. and Caspersen, John and Dick, Adam R. and D'Orangeville, Loic and Drolet, Guillaume and Eskelson, Bianca N. and Filipescu, Cosmin N. and Flamand-Hubert, Maude and Goodbody, Tristan R. H. and Griess, Verena C. and Hagerman, Shannon M. and Keys, Kevin and Lafleur, Benoit and Girona, Miguel Montoro and Montoro Girona, Miguel and Morris, Dave M. and Nock, Charles A. and Pinno, Bradley D. and Raymond, Patricia and Roy, Vincent and Schneider, Robert and Soucy, Michel and Stewart, Bruce and Sylvain, Jean-Daniel and Taylor, Anthony R. and Thiffault, Evelyne and Thiffault, Nelson and White, Joanne C. and Taylor, Anthony R. and Vepakomma, Udaya (2022). The changing culture of silviculture. Forestry. 95 :2 , 143-152
[Research article]

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Abstract

Changing climates are altering the structural and functional components of forest ecosystems at an unprecedented rate. Simultaneously, we are seeing a diversification of public expectations on the broader sustainable use of forest resources beyond timber production. As a result, the science and art of silviculture needs to adapt to these changing realities. In this piece, we argue that silviculturists are gradually shifting from the application of empirically derived silvicultural scenarios to new sets of approaches, methods and practices, a process that calls for broadening our conception of silviculture as a scientific discipline. We propose a holistic view of silviculture revolving around three key themes: observe, anticipate and adapt. In observe, we present how recent advances in remote sensing now enable silviculturists to observe forest structural, compositional and functional attributes in near-real-time, which in turn facilitates the deployment of efficient, targeted silvicultural measures in practice that are adapted to rapidly changing constraints. In anticipate, we highlight the importance of developing state-of-the-art models designed to take into account the effects of changing environmental conditions on forest growth and dynamics. In adapt, we discuss the need to provide spatially explicit guidance for the implementation of adaptive silvicultural actions that are efficient, cost-effective and socially acceptable. We conclude by presenting key steps towards the development of new tools and practical knowledge that will ensure meeting societal demands in rapidly changing environmental conditions. We classify these actions into three main categories: re-examining existing silvicultural trials to identify key stand attributes associated with the resistance and resilience of forests to multiple stressors, developing technological workflows and infrastructures to allow for continuous forest inventory updating frameworks, and implementing bold, innovative silvicultural trials in consultation with the relevant communities where a range of adaptive silvicultural strategies are tested. In this holistic perspective, silviculture can be defined as the science of observing forest condition and anticipating its development to apply tending and regeneration treatments adapted to a multiplicity of desired outcomes in rapidly changing realities.

Authors/Creators:Achim, Alexis and Moreau, Guillaume and Coops, Nicholas C. and Axelson, Jodi and Barrette, Julie and Bédard, Steve and Byrne, Kenneth E. and Caspersen, John and Dick, Adam R. and D'Orangeville, Loic and Drolet, Guillaume and Eskelson, Bianca N. and Filipescu, Cosmin N. and Flamand-Hubert, Maude and Goodbody, Tristan R. H. and Griess, Verena C. and Hagerman, Shannon M. and Keys, Kevin and Lafleur, Benoit and Girona, Miguel Montoro and Montoro Girona, Miguel and Morris, Dave M. and Nock, Charles A. and Pinno, Bradley D. and Raymond, Patricia and Roy, Vincent and Schneider, Robert and Soucy, Michel and Stewart, Bruce and Sylvain, Jean-Daniel and Taylor, Anthony R. and Thiffault, Evelyne and Thiffault, Nelson and White, Joanne C. and Taylor, Anthony R. and Vepakomma, Udaya
Title:The changing culture of silviculture
Series Name/Journal:Forestry
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:95
Number:2
Page range:143-152
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:OXFORD UNIV PRESS
ISSN:0015-752X
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116841
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116841
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1093/forestry/cpab047
Web of Science (WoS)000776706600001
ID Code:27688
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 May 2022 09:25
Metadata Last Modified:03 May 2022 09:31

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