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Sectoral policies cause incoherence in forest management and ecosystem service provisioning

Blattert, Clemens and Eyvindson, Kyle and Hartikainen, Markus and Burgas, Daniel and Potterf, Maria and Lukkarinen, Jani and Snäll, Tord and Toraño-Caicoya, Astor and Monkkonen, Mikko (2022). Sectoral policies cause incoherence in forest management and ecosystem service provisioning. Forest Policy and Economics. 136 , 102689
[Research article]

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Abstract

Various national policies guide forest use, but often with competing policy objectives leading to divergent management paradigms. Incoherent policies may negatively impact the sustainable provision of forest ecosystem services (FES), and forest multifunctionality. There is uncertainty among policymakers about the impacts of policies on the real world. We translated the policy documents of Finland into scenarios including the quantitative demands for FES, representing: the national forest strategy (NFS), the biodiversity strategy (BDS), and the bioeconomy strategy (BES). We simulated a Finland-wide systematic sample of forest stands with alternative management regimes and climate change. Finally, we used multi-objective optimization to identify the combination of management regimes matching best with each policy scenario and analysed their long-term effects on FES.The NFS scenario proved to be the most multifunctional, targeting the highest number of FES, while the BES had the lowest FES targets. However, the NFS was strongly oriented towards the value chain of wood and bioenergy and had a dominating economic growth target, which caused strong within-policy conflicts and hindered reaching biodiversity targets. The BDS and BES scenarios were instead more consistent but showed either sustainability gaps in terms of providing timber resources (BDS) or no improvements in forest biodiversity (BES). All policy scenarios resulted in forest management programs dominated by continuous cover forestry, set-aside areas, and intensive management zones, with proportions depending on the policy focus. Our results highlight for the first time the conflicts among national sectoral policies in terms of management requirements and effects on forest multifunctionality. The outcomes provide leverage points for policymakers to increase coherence among future policies and improve implementation of multiple uses of forests.

Authors/Creators:Blattert, Clemens and Eyvindson, Kyle and Hartikainen, Markus and Burgas, Daniel and Potterf, Maria and Lukkarinen, Jani and Snäll, Tord and Toraño-Caicoya, Astor and Monkkonen, Mikko
Title:Sectoral policies cause incoherence in forest management and ecosystem service provisioning
Series Name/Journal:Forest Policy and Economics
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:136
Article number:102689
Number of Pages:15
Publisher:ELSEVIER
ISSN:1389-9341
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Forest policy, Ecosystem services, Biodiversity, Multi-objective optimization, Forest management, Climate change
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117039
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117039
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.forpol.2022.102689
Web of Science (WoS)000787587600005
ID Code:27779
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Swedish Species Information Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:12 May 2022 11:07
Metadata Last Modified:13 May 2022 22:38

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