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Extension Services for Livestock Keepers in Low-Income Countries—A Low Priority?

Pousga, Salimata and Magnusson, Ulf and Moumouni, Ismail and Dayo, Guiguigbasa-Kossian and Kante, Assa and Boqvist, Sofia (2022). Extension Services for Livestock Keepers in Low-Income Countries—A Low Priority? Animals. 12 :6 , 726
[Research article]

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Abstract

Simple Summary Animal-source foods are an important dietary complement to the calories in staple food, but in low-income countries, productivity on the smallholder farms that provide most of the domestic food supply is low. The general objective of this survey-based study was to contribute to effective integration of livestock issues in agricultural extension and advisory programs within the framework of sustainable food and nutrition security in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Benin. The findings show that despite the equal importance given by farmers to animal and plant production, livestock production appears to be disadvantaged in terms of access to extension services and new technology compared with plant production, even though many farmers are willing to pay for this service if available. Furthermore, livestock farming is facing constraints related to feeding, health, and reproduction, limiting development of the sector. Based on this study, we recommend that agricultural extension programs be planned in a holistic context, taking into account the major concerns of farmers, with technological packages in integrated crop-livestock systems. Achievement of sustainable agricultural development and national food security in Africa is dependent on several factors, including productivity in the livestock production sub-sector. This study surveyed farmers' perceptions on provision of extension services relating to livestock production in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Benin. A structured questionnaire comprising dichotomous, multiple-choice, and open-ended questions was used to survey a total of 1560 farmers in Burkina Faso, 345 in Mali, and 480 in Benin. Most farmers surveyed pursued integrated crop and livestock production, but more frequently in Burkina Faso (91%) than in Mali and Benin (66%). Around one-third (36%) of the respondents in Burkina Faso had access to livestock extension services, while the corresponding figure in Mali and Benin was 54% and 69%, respectively (p < 0.01). Moreover, 71% of respondents in Mali, 73% in Burkina Faso, and 84% in Benin reported significantly (p < 0.05) fewer extension activities for livestock compared with crop production. Thus, livestock production seems to be given low priority in agricultural extension interventions. We recommend that future diffusion of technological packages should be more holistic, considering the major concerns of the specific environment and the socio-cultural traditions of both livestock and crop producers.

Authors/Creators:Pousga, Salimata and Magnusson, Ulf and Moumouni, Ismail and Dayo, Guiguigbasa-Kossian and Kante, Assa and Boqvist, Sofia
Title:Extension Services for Livestock Keepers in Low-Income Countries—A Low Priority?
Series Name/Journal:Animals
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:12
Number:6
Article number:726
Number of Pages:11
ISSN:2076-2615
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:West Africa, food security, animal sourced food, small holder, pastoral, agro-pastoral
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116664
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-116664
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/ani12060726
Web of Science (WoS)000775496300001
ID Code:27807
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 May 2022 09:25
Metadata Last Modified:13 May 2022 09:31

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