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Plant cell walls as mechanical signaling hubs for morphogenesis

Jonsson, Kristoffer and Hamant, Olivier and Bhalerao, Rishikesh P. (2022). Plant cell walls as mechanical signaling hubs for morphogenesis. Current Biology. 32 :7 , R334-R340
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Abstract

The instructive role of mechanical cues during morphogenesis is increasingly being recognized in all kingdoms. Patterns of mechanical stress depend on shape, growth and external factors. In plants, the cell wall integrates these three parameters to function as a hub for mechanical feedback. Plant cells are interconnected by cell walls that provide structural integrity and yet are flexible enough to act as both targets and transducers of mechanical cues. Such cues may act locally at the subcellular level or across entire tissues, requiring tight control of both cell-wall composition and cell-cell adhesion. Here we focus on how changes in cell-wall chemistry and mechanics act in communicating diverse cues to direct growth asymmetries required for plant morphogenesis. We explore the role of cellulose microfibrils, microtubule arrays and pectin methylesterification in the transduction of mechanical cues during morphogenesis. Plant hormones can affect the mechanochemical composition of the cell wall and, in turn, the cell wall can modulate hormone signaling pathways, as well as the tissue-level distribution of these hormones. This also leads us to revisit the position of biochemical growth factors, such as plant hormones, acting both upstream and downstream of mechanical signaling. Finally, while the structure of the cell wall is being elucidated with increasing precision, existing data clearly show that the integration of genetic, biochemical and theoretical studies will be essential for a better understanding of the role of the cell wall as a hub for the mechanical control of plant morphogenesis.

Authors/Creators:Jonsson, Kristoffer and Hamant, Olivier and Bhalerao, Rishikesh P.
Title:Plant cell walls as mechanical signaling hubs for morphogenesis
Series Name/Journal:Current Biology
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:32
Number:7
Page range:R334-R340
Number of Pages:7
Publisher:CELL PRESS
ISSN:0960-9822
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Cell Biology
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117170
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117170
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.cub.2022.02.036
Web of Science (WoS)000788869200018
ID Code:27985
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:24 May 2022 08:25
Metadata Last Modified:24 May 2022 08:31

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