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Review: Perspective on high-performing dairy cows and herds

Britt, J. H. and Cushman, R. A. and Dechow, C. D. and Dobson, H. and Humblot, Patrice and Hutjens, M. F. and Jones, G.A. and Mitloehner, F. M. and Ruegg, P. L. and Sheldon, I. M. and Stevenson, J. S. (2021). Review: Perspective on high-performing dairy cows and herds. Animal. 15 , 100298
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Milk and dairy products provide highly sustainable concentrations of essential amino acids and other required nutrients for humans; however, amount of milk currently produced per dairy cow globally is inadequate to meet future needs. Higher performing dairy cows and herds produce more milk with less environmental impact per kg than lower performing cows and herds. In 2018, 15.4% of the world's dairy cows produced 45.4% of the world's dairy cow milk, reflecting the global contribution of high-performing cows and herds. In high-performing herds, genomic evaluations are utilized for multiple trait selection, welfare is monitored by remote sensing, rations are formulated at micronutrient levels, health care is focused on prevention and reproduction is managed with precision. Higher performing herds require more inputs and generate more waste products per cow, thus innovations in environmental management on such farms are essential for lowering environmental impacts. Our focus is to provide perspectives on technologies and practices that contribute most to sustainable production of milk from high-performing dairy cows and herds. (C) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of The Animal Consortium.

Authors/Creators:Britt, J. H. and Cushman, R. A. and Dechow, C. D. and Dobson, H. and Humblot, Patrice and Hutjens, M. F. and Jones, G.A. and Mitloehner, F. M. and Ruegg, P. L. and Sheldon, I. M. and Stevenson, J. S.
Title:Review: Perspective on high-performing dairy cows and herds
Series Name/Journal:Animal
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:15
Article number:100298
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:ELSEVIER
ISSN:1751-7311
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 207 Environmental Engineering > Environmental Management
Keywords:Environment, Genetics, Health, Management, Reproduction
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117286
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117286
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.animal.2021.100298
Web of Science (WoS)000792422200017
ID Code:28236
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 Jun 2022 09:27
Metadata Last Modified:03 Jun 2022 09:31

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