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Calicivirus Infection in Cats

Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina and Hosie, Margaret J. and Hartmann, Katrin and Egberink, Herman and Truyen, Uwe and Tasker, Severine and Belák, Sándor and Boucraut-Baralon, Corine and Frymus, Tadeusz and Lloret, Albert and Marsilio, Fulvio and Pennisi, Maria Grazia and Addie, Diane D. and Lutz, Hans and Thiry, Etienne and Radford, Alan D. and Mostl, Karin (2022). Calicivirus Infection in Cats. Viruses. 14 :5 , 937
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a common pathogen in domestic cats that is highly contagious, resistant to many disinfectants and demonstrates a high genetic variability. FCV infection can lead to serious or even fatal diseases. In this review, the European Advisory Board on Cat Diseases (ABCD), a scientifically independent board of experts in feline medicine from 11 European countries, presents the current knowledge of FCV infection and fills gaps with expert opinions. FCV infections are particularly problematic in multicat environments. FCV-infected cats often show painful erosions in the mouth and mild upper respiratory disease and, particularly in kittens, even fatal pneumonia. However, infection can be associated with chronic gingivostomatitis. Rarely, highly virulent FCV variants can induce severe systemic disease with epizootic spread and high mortality. FCV can best be detected by reverse-transcriptase PCR. However, a negative result does not rule out FCV infection and healthy cats can test positive. All cats should be vaccinated against FCV (core vaccine); however, vaccination protects cats from disease but not from infection. Considering the high variability of FCV, changing to different vaccine strain(s) may be of benefit if disease occurs in fully vaccinated cats. Infection-induced immunity is not life-long and does not protect against all strains; therefore, vaccination of cats that have recovered from caliciviral disease is recommended.

Authors/Creators:Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina and Hosie, Margaret J. and Hartmann, Katrin and Egberink, Herman and Truyen, Uwe and Tasker, Severine and Belák, Sándor and Boucraut-Baralon, Corine and Frymus, Tadeusz and Lloret, Albert and Marsilio, Fulvio and Pennisi, Maria Grazia and Addie, Diane D. and Lutz, Hans and Thiry, Etienne and Radford, Alan D. and Mostl, Karin
Title:Calicivirus Infection in Cats
Series Name/Journal:Viruses
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:14
Number:5
Article number:937
Number of Pages:31
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4915
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:FCV, feline, multicat environment, genetic variability, virulent systemic, diagnosis, vaccination, vaccine strains, tenacity, treatment
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117393
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117393
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/v14050937
Web of Science (WoS)000801313500001
ID Code:28297
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:10 Jun 2022 11:32
Metadata Last Modified:10 Jun 2022 11:41

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