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Who moves and who gains from internal migration in Egypt? Evidence from two waves of a labor market panel survey

Abouhatab, Assem and Mensah, Franklin Amuakwa and Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan (2022). Who moves and who gains from internal migration in Egypt? Evidence from two waves of a labor market panel survey. Habitat International. 124 , 102573
[Research article]

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Abstract

In recent decades, Egypt has experienced rapid internal migration movements triggered by urbanization, socioeconomic development, and environmental changes. From a literature perspective, few scholarly studies have empirically examined the drivers and welfare impacts of internal migration in Egypt, despite the increasing recognition of its inextricably links to urban sustainability. The present study utilized data from two waves of an Egyptian Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) conducted in 2012 and 2018 and consisting of 63,909 observations to examine factors that determine internal migration decisions and their subsequent welfare effects. The results of the two-stage Heckman selection model indicate that both the determinants of internal migration decisions and welfare outcomes differ appreciably depending on migration stream as well as the socioeconomic characteristics of the migrants. In particular, females were found to be more likely to migrate from rural to urban areas, lending support to the growing literature on the "feminization of migration " in developing countries. The OLS regression results, after correcting for self-selection, make a strong case for the positive welfare gains from internal migration in Egypt. Specially, we found that the welfare gains for older and female migrants are much higher than other age and gender groups. A comparison of the welfare effects between different migration streams shows that all migratory movements were associated with positive and statistically significant welfare gains, except for rural-to-urban migration that was surprisingly found to be associated with significant welfare loss for the migrants. Urban-to-urban migration was found to have the strongest welfare enhancing effects on all migrant groups. The empirical findings underline a number of research and policy implications for a sustainable management of internal migration in Egypt and other countries with similar internal migration trends.

Authors/Creators:Abouhatab, Assem and Mensah, Franklin Amuakwa and Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan
Title:Who moves and who gains from internal migration in Egypt? Evidence from two waves of a labor market panel survey
Series Name/Journal:Habitat International
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:124
Article number:102573
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
ISSN:0197-3975
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117399
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117399
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.habitatint.2022.102573
Web of Science (WoS)000799956400001
ID Code:28326
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 Jun 2022 12:25
Metadata Last Modified:13 Jun 2022 12:31

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