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Bone spavin : clinical and epidemiological aspects of degenerative joint disease in the distal tarsus in Icelandic horses

Axelsson, Mats (2000). Bone spavin : clinical and epidemiological aspects of degenerative joint disease in the distal tarsus in Icelandic horses. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Veterinaria, 1401-6257
ISBN 91-576-5918-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to survey the prevalence and clinical significance of DJD in the distal tarsus in the Icelandic Horse population, to evaluate potential risk factors for DJD in the distal tarsus and for hind limb lameness, and to evaluate surgical and non-surgical treatment of lameness due to DJD in the distal tarsus.Cross-sectional investigations were performed to assess the prevalence of, relationship between, and risk factors for, radiographic signs of DJD in the distal tarsus (RS) and of hind limb lameness (lameness). Clinical cases were studied to assess the possible benefit of surgical treatment vs. conservative treatment for lameness due to DJD in the distal tarsus.A total of 1029 Icelandic horses, 668 geldings, 321 mares and 40 stallions were studied in Swedish and in Icelandic populations. Data were collected by physical and radiographic examinations of all horses and by interview of the owner or trainer of each individual horse. For the evaluation of treatment, 36 cases from the Large Animal Clinic, SLU, were selected.RS were found in 23% and 30.3%, respectively, of the horses in the two populations investigated. The prevalence of lameness after flexion test was 25% in the Swedish population and 32.4% in the Icelandic population. No horses were found with RS or lameness in the age-span 0-4 years. The prevalence of RS and lameness were similar in the 6-12 year age group in the two populations investigated. Horses with RS had a fourfold risk of being lame when compared against horses without them (PAge and tarsal conformation were identified as risk factors for RS. Sire, age when broken to saddle, participation in stud shows, and gait were identified as risk factors for lameness.Of the lame horses treated by surgery, 65% (n=13) improved and in the conservatively treated group, 56% (n=9) improved. The difference in recovery rates between the two treated groups was not statistically significant.

Authors/Creators:Axelsson, Mats
Title:Bone spavin : clinical and epidemiological aspects of degenerative joint disease in the distal tarsus in Icelandic horses
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Veterinaria
Year of publishing :2000
Number:74
Number of Pages:37
Publisher:Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:91-576-5918-4
ISSN:1401-6257
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:bone spavin, lameness, osteoarthritis, tarsus, horse, Icelandic Horse, prevalence, risk factors, treatment
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117472
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117472
ID Code:28353
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Institutionen för kirurgi och medicin, Stordjur (970101-040630)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:16 Jun 2022 11:26
Metadata Last Modified:16 Jun 2022 11:57

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