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Peace and the environment at the crossroads: Elections in a conflict-troubled biodiversity hotspot

Salazar, Alejandro and Sanchez, Adriana and Dukes, Jeffrey S. and Salazar, Juan F. and Clerici, Nicola and Lasso, Eloisa and Sanchez-Pacheco, Santiago J. and Rendon, Angela M. and Villegas, Juan C. and Sierra, Carlos A. and Sierra, Carlos and Poveda, German and Quesada, Benjamin and Uribe, Maria R. and Rodríguez-Buriticá, Susana and Ungar, Paula and Pulido-Santacruz, Paola and Ruiz-Morato, Natalia and Arias, Paola A. (2022). Peace and the environment at the crossroads: Elections in a conflict-troubled biodiversity hotspot. Environmental Science and Policy. 135 , 77-85
[Research article]

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Abstract

In democracies around the world, societies have demonstrated that elections can have major consequences for the environment. In Colombia, the 2022 presidential elections will take place at a time when progress towards peace has stalled and socioeconomic, security, and environmental conditions have deteriorated. The recent declines in these conditions largely coincide with the change of government after the 2018 elections, and the associated rise to power of a party that boycotted the peace negotiations from the beginning. These indicators suggest that 2018 marked the end of a decade of improvements in safety, wealth, and equality-societal factors that can interact with the environment in multiple ways. A spike in assassinations of land and environmental defenders in 2019 and 2020 made Colombia one of the most dangerous places in the world for environmentalists. With the 2022 presidential election, Colombians will once again decide who will govern the country and what new social, economic, and environmental policies will be implemented. In preparation for elections like this, we believe that it is important for scientists with relevant backgrounds to highlight relationships between political events and the environment, to enrich the political debate, help prioritize public resources, and inform policymaking. Here, we provide a multidisciplinary analysis of different socioeconomic and environmental trends that can help inform the public and decision-makers. We intend for this analysis to be useful not only in Colombia, but also to other societies under similar situations, managing biodiversity-rich ecosystems in sociopolitical environments of increasing violence, poverty, and inequality.

Authors/Creators:Salazar, Alejandro and Sanchez, Adriana and Dukes, Jeffrey S. and Salazar, Juan F. and Clerici, Nicola and Lasso, Eloisa and Sanchez-Pacheco, Santiago J. and Rendon, Angela M. and Villegas, Juan C. and Sierra, Carlos A. and Sierra, Carlos and Poveda, German and Quesada, Benjamin and Uribe, Maria R. and Rodríguez-Buriticá, Susana and Ungar, Paula and Pulido-Santacruz, Paola and Ruiz-Morato, Natalia and Arias, Paola A.
Title:Peace and the environment at the crossroads: Elections in a conflict-troubled biodiversity hotspot
Series Name/Journal:Environmental Science and Policy
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:135
Page range:77-85
Number of Pages:9
Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI LTD
ISSN:1462-9011
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 506 Political Science > Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
Keywords:Colombia, Peace, Poverty, Inequality, Elections, Climate change
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117548
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-117548
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.envsci.2022.04.013
Web of Science (WoS)000800024000009
ID Code:28411
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:23 Jun 2022 14:25
Metadata Last Modified:23 Jun 2022 14:31

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