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Landscape usage by recreationists is shaped by availability: insights from a national PPGIS survey in Sweden

Lehto, Carl and Hedblom, Marcus and Öckinger, Erik and Ranius, Thomas (2022). Landscape usage by recreationists is shaped by availability: insights from a national PPGIS survey in Sweden. UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Areas suitable for outdoor recreation are in decline due to urbanization and land-use intensification. To provide people with access to recreational areas, it is imperative to understand what characterizes areas attractive to recreationists. In this study we explore patterns of outdoor recreation visits on a national scale, using a large (n = 3853) Public Participatory GIS survey in Sweden. We analyze land cover of areas visited in comparison to landscape composition across a gradient from urban to rural areas. Additionally, we employ machine learning models to compare attributes of areas visited to random areas in the available landscape. We found that the geographical distribution of outdoor recreation was highly aggregated, with 57 % of recreation occurring in urban and periurban areas, which together cover 5 % of the total land area. Landscape characteristics were weak predictors of where outdoor recreation took place. The median travel distance to the area where recreation was conducted was 2 km, which is longer than what recreationists prefer according to previous studies. We argue that this is indicative of a recreational deficit in Sweden, with recreationists’ preferences not being expressed due to lack of access to suitable areas close to home. This highlights the importance for physical planners to consider spatial accessibility when planning for outdoor recreation.

Authors/Creators:Lehto, Carl and Hedblom, Marcus and Öckinger, Erik and Ranius, Thomas
Title:Landscape usage by recreationists is shaped by availability: insights from a national PPGIS survey in Sweden
Series Name/Journal:Landscape and Urban Planning
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:227
Article number:104519
Number of Pages:10
ISSN:0169-2046
Publication Type:Other
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Landscape Architecture
Keywords:Landscape heterogeneity, Machine learning, Public Participatory GIS, Revealed preferences, Recreation, Travelling distance
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118329
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118329
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.landurbplan.2022.104519
ID Code:28495
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology

(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:19 Aug 2022 08:57
Metadata Last Modified:19 Aug 2022 09:01

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