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Dietary changes based on food purchase patterns following a type 2 diabetes diagnosis

Edenbrandt, Anna and Edenbrandt, Anna Kristina and Ewers, Bettina and Storgaard, Heidi and Smed, Sinne (2022). Dietary changes based on food purchase patterns following a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. Public Health Nutrition , PII S1368980022001409
[Research article]

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Abstract

Objective: The study explores whether type 2 diabetes (T2D) diagnosis affects food consumption patterns in line with the dietary recommendations provided to individuals in relation to a diagnosis. Design: Based on detailed food purchase data, we explore which dietary changes are most common following a T2D diagnosis. Changes are investigated for several energy-adjusted nutrients and food groups and overall adherence to dietary guidelines. Setting: We use data on diagnosis of T2D and hospitalisation in relation to T2D for a sample of adult Danes registered in the official patient register. This is combined with detailed scanner data on food purchases, which are used as a proxy for dietary intake. Participants: We included 274 individuals in Denmark who are diagnosed during their participation in a consumer panel where they report their food purchases and 16 395 individuals who are not diagnosed. Results: Results suggest some changes in dietary composition following diagnosis, as measured by a Healthy Eating Index and for specific food groups and nutrients, although the long-term effects are limited. Socio-economic characteristics are poor predictors of dietary changes following diagnosis. Change in diet following diagnosis vary with the pre-diagnosis consumption patterns, where individuals with relatively unhealthy overall diets prior to diagnosis improve overall healthiness more compared to individuals with relatively healthy diets prior to diagnosis. Conclusions: Adherence to dietary advice is low, on average, but there is large variation in behavioural change between the diagnosed individuals. Our results stress the difficulty for diagnosed individuals to shift dietary habits, particularly in the long term.

Authors/Creators:Edenbrandt, Anna and Edenbrandt, Anna Kristina and Ewers, Bettina and Storgaard, Heidi and Smed, Sinne
Title:Dietary changes based on food purchase patterns following a type 2 diabetes diagnosis
Series Name/Journal:Public Health Nutrition
Year of publishing :2022
Article number:PII S1368980022001409
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
ISSN:1368-9800
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Nutrition and Dietetics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Keywords:Event study analysis, Behavioural change, Dietary change, Purchase patterns, Type 2 diabetes
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118478
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118478
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1017/S1368980022001409
Web of Science (WoS)000825872500001
ID Code:28563
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:25 Aug 2022 13:25
Metadata Last Modified:25 Aug 2022 13:31

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