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Farm performance and input self-sufficiency increases with functional crop diversity on Swedish farms

Nilsson, Pia and Bommarco, Riccardo and Hansson, Helena and Kuns, Brian and Schaak, Henning (2022). Farm performance and input self-sufficiency increases with functional crop diversity on Swedish farms. Ecological Economics. 198 , 107465
[Research article]

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Abstract

Diversified crop production is a key agroecological practice that enhances ecosystem functions and reduces reliance on costly external inputs, such as for plant protection and nutrition but might also increase labour costs and lower crop yields. We investigate if functional diversification, i.e., cultivation of crop species with contrasting ecological functions, is associated with a higher growth in farm economic performance and input selfsufficiency. This is compared with increased related crop diversity i.e., the cultivation of genetically closely related crop species. We apply the system GMM dynamic panel data estimator to 35,195 medium and large Swedish farms (2001-2018), combining information on crop grown on each field and year with farm financial and individual characteristics. We find growth in farm economic performance and input self-sufficiency to respond positively to functional crop diversification and negatively to related crop diversification. The results highlight that a decomposed assessment of crop diversification provides an enhanced understanding of the buildup of resource-use efficiencies and production- and market risk reductions on Swedish farms.

Authors/Creators:Nilsson, Pia and Bommarco, Riccardo and Hansson, Helena and Kuns, Brian and Schaak, Henning
Title:Farm performance and input self-sufficiency increases with functional crop diversity on Swedish farms
Series Name/Journal:Ecological Economics
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:198
Article number:107465
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:ELSEVIER
ISSN:0921-8009
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:Crop diversification, Functional diversity, Economic outcomes, Land Parcel Identification System, Agroecology
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118015
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118015
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.ecolecon.2022.107465
Web of Science (WoS)000805863500010
ID Code:28583
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology

(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:26 Aug 2022 09:26
Metadata Last Modified:26 Aug 2022 09:31

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