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Conifer tree species and age as drivers of epiphytic lichen communities in northern European production forests

Petersson, Lisa and Lariviere, Delphine and Holmström, Emma and Fritz, Örjan and Felton, Adam (2022). Conifer tree species and age as drivers of epiphytic lichen communities in northern European production forests. Lichenologist. 54 :3-4 , PII S0024282922000172 , 213-225
[Research article]

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Abstract

The epiphytic lichen species richness and community composition was compared for 600 living trees distributed within the interior of 60 Scots pine and Norway spruce monoculture stands in southern Sweden. A higher species richness, and more unique species, was found on trees of Scots pine than of Norway spruce, and distinctive communities were associated with the two tree species. Lichen species composition also shifted between the 30-, 55- and 80-year-old stands, although there was no significant difference in species richness between the different age classes. Tree species and age of the stand explained most of the variation in community composition (41%), with additional variance explained by lichen proximity to the ground (6%) and aspect (1%) (northern/southern side of trunk). Scots pine and Norway spruce share many attributes, such as both being conifers with acidic bark properties and having a similar geographical distribution in Fennoscandia. However, our study showed that species richness and community composition can nevertheless diverge in stands dominated by these two tree species. Since the occurrence of red-listed species was low in these stands, we suggest that 80-year rotations are not long enough for the occurrence of the many rare and specialized lichen species that require old forest structures and long forest continuity in this region.

Authors/Creators:Petersson, Lisa and Lariviere, Delphine and Holmström, Emma and Fritz, Örjan and Felton, Adam
Title:Conifer tree species and age as drivers of epiphytic lichen communities in northern European production forests
Series Name/Journal:Lichenologist
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:54
Number:3-4
Article number:PII S0024282922000172
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
ISSN:0024-2829
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:biodiversity, forest management, Norway spruce, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Scots pine, species richness, stand age, Sweden, zonation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118563
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118563
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1017/S0024282922000172
Web of Science (WoS)000832652200007
ID Code:28602
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:26 Aug 2022 11:41
Metadata Last Modified:26 Aug 2022 11:51

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