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A Structural Equation Model Demonstrating the Relationship between Food Safety Background, Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour among Swedish Students

Marklinder, Ingela and Eskhult, Gustav and Ahlgren, Roger and Blucher, Anna and Borjesson, Stina-Mina Ehn and Moazzami, Madeleine and Schelin, Jenny and Danielsson-Tham, Marie-Louise (2022). A Structural Equation Model Demonstrating the Relationship between Food Safety Background, Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour among Swedish Students. Foods. 11 :11 , 1595
[Research article]

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Abstract

Traditionally, food safety knowledge has been seen as a factor in improving food safety behaviour. However, the relationship between knowledge and behavior is complex. The aim of the present study was to investigate self-reported data from 408 university students regarding food safety background, knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour using Structural Equation Model (SEM) to examine the influence of different factors on food safety behaviour. The SEM was applied to four factors derived from the data: Background, Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour. The novelty of this current investigation is the inclusion of the Background factor (genus; experience of cooking and handling different food items; experience of a food safety education course; the foremost sources of food safety knowledge). The factors were constructed from variables with sufficient factor loadings and set up in a predetermined structure confirmed to be valid in previous studies. The results, demonstrated as regression coefficients between factors, confirm that the Background factor strongly influenced Knowledge (0.842). The Knowledge factor, in turn, strongly affected Attitude (0.605), while it did not directly affect Behaviour (0.301) in the same way as Attitude. Attitude had a stronger influence on Behaviour (0.438) than Knowledge. Thus, the Attitude factor seemed to play a mediating role between Knowledge and Behaviour. This indicates that students ' attitudes towards the importance of food safety may have an impact on their food safety behavior, which should have implications for the development of food safety education. This warrants further investigation and practical development.

Authors/Creators:Marklinder, Ingela and Eskhult, Gustav and Ahlgren, Roger and Blucher, Anna and Borjesson, Stina-Mina Ehn and Moazzami, Madeleine and Schelin, Jenny and Danielsson-Tham, Marie-Louise
Title:A Structural Equation Model Demonstrating the Relationship between Food Safety Background, Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour among Swedish Students
Series Name/Journal:Foods
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:11
Number:11
Article number:1595
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2304-8158
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Food Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Keywords:university students, food safety, attitudes, structural equation model, food safety education
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118033
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118033
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/foods11111595
Web of Science (WoS)000808653100001
ID Code:28664
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:30 Aug 2022 14:04
Metadata Last Modified:30 Aug 2022 14:11

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