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The European Forest Plant Species List (EuForPlant): Concept and applications

Heinken, Thilo and Diekmann, Martin and Liira, Jaan and Orczewska, Anna and Schmidt, Marcus and Brunet, Jörg and Chytry, Milan and Chabrerie, Olivier and Decocq, Guillaume and De Frenne, Pieter and Drevojan, Pavel and Dzwonko, Zbigniew and Ewald, Jörg and Feilberg, Jon and Graae, Bente Jessen and Grytnes, John-Arvid and Hermy, Martin and Kriebitzsch, Wolf-Ulrich and Laivin, Maris and Lenoir, Jonathan and Lindmo, Sigrid and Marage, Damien and Marozas, Vitas and Niemeyer, Thomas and Paal, Jaanus and Pysek, Petr and Roosaluste, Elle and Sadlo, Jiri and Schaminee, Joop H. J. and Tyler, Torbjorn and Verheyen, Kris and Wulf, Monika and Vanneste, Thomas (2022). The European Forest Plant Species List (EuForPlant): Concept and applications. Journal of Vegetation Science. 33 :3 , e13132
[Research article]

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Abstract

Question When evaluating forests in terms of their biodiversity, distinctiveness and naturalness, the affinity of the constituent species to forests is a crucial parameter. Here we ask to what extent are vascular plant species associated with forests, and does species' affinity to forests vary between European regions? Location Temperate and boreal forest biome of Northwestern and Central Europe. Methods We compiled EuForPlant, a new extensive list of forest vascular plant species in 24 regions spread across 13 European countries using vegetation databases and expert knowledge. Species were region-specifically classified into four categories reflecting the degree of their affinity to forest habitats: 1.1, species of forest interiors; 1.2, species of forest edges and forest openings; 2.1, species that can be found in forest as well as open vegetation; and 2.2, species that can be found partly in forest, but mainly in open vegetation. An additional "O" category was distinguished, covering species typical for non-forest vegetation. Results EuForPlant comprises 1,726 species, including 1,437 herb-layer species, 159 shrubs, 107 trees, 19 lianas and 4 epiphytic parasites. Across regions, generalist forest species (with 450 and 777 species classified as 2.1 and 2.2, respectively) significantly outnumbered specialist forest species (with 250 and 137 species classified as 1.1 and 1.2, respectively). Even though the degree of shifting between the categories of forest affinity among regions was relatively low (on average, 17.5%), about one-third of the forest species (especially 1.2 and 2.2) swapped categories in at least one of the study regions. Conclusions The proposed list can be used widely in vegetation science and global change ecology related to forest biodiversity and community dynamics. Shifting of forest affinity among regions emphasizes the importance of a continental-scale forest plant species list with regional specificity.

Authors/Creators:Heinken, Thilo and Diekmann, Martin and Liira, Jaan and Orczewska, Anna and Schmidt, Marcus and Brunet, Jörg and Chytry, Milan and Chabrerie, Olivier and Decocq, Guillaume and De Frenne, Pieter and Drevojan, Pavel and Dzwonko, Zbigniew and Ewald, Jörg and Feilberg, Jon and Graae, Bente Jessen and Grytnes, John-Arvid and Hermy, Martin and Kriebitzsch, Wolf-Ulrich and Laivin, Maris and Lenoir, Jonathan and Lindmo, Sigrid and Marage, Damien and Marozas, Vitas and Niemeyer, Thomas and Paal, Jaanus and Pysek, Petr and Roosaluste, Elle and Sadlo, Jiri and Schaminee, Joop H. J. and Tyler, Torbjorn and Verheyen, Kris and Wulf, Monika and Vanneste, Thomas
Title:The European Forest Plant Species List (EuForPlant): Concept and applications
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Vegetation Science
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:33
Number:3
Article number:e13132
Number of Pages:16
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:1100-9233
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:biogeographical regions, boreal zone, expert knowledge, forest affinity, forest plant species, habitat shift, nemoral zone, species diversity, vascular flora, woodland
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118045
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118045
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/jvs.13132
Web of Science (WoS)000810600900001
ID Code:28665
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:30 Aug 2022 14:09
Metadata Last Modified:30 Aug 2022 14:11

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