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Economic analysis of smallholder dairy cattle enterprises in Senegal

Malenje, Evaristo Mukunda and Missohou, Ayao and Fon Tebug, Stanly and Zonabend König, Emelie and Jung'a, Joseph Owino and Bett, Rawlynce Cheruiyot and Marshall, Karen (2022). Economic analysis of smallholder dairy cattle enterprises in Senegal. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 54 , 221
[Research article]

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Abstract

Smallholder dairy production in Senegal is important to both livelihoods and food and nutrition security. Here, we examine the economic performance of smallholder dairy cattle enterprises in Senegal, using data from longitudinal monitoring of 113 households. The mean (and standard deviation) of the net returns (NR) per cow per annum (pcpa) was 21.7 (202.9) USD, whilst the NR per household herd per annum (phpa) was 106.1 (1740.3) USD. Only about half (52.2%) of the dairy cattle enterprise had a positive NR. The most significant income components were milk sale followed by animal sale, whilst the most significant cost components were animal feed followed by animal purchase. When households were grouped by ranking on NRpcpa, an interesting trend was observed: whilst the mean NRpcpa showed a fairly linear increase from the lowest to highest NR groups, income and cost did not. Income and costs were both higher for the lowest and highest NR groups, in comparison to the intermediate NR groups. The mean NRs of households grouped by the main breed type they kept were not significantly different from each other, due to large variances within the breed groups. However, the mean total income and costs were significantly higher for households mainly keeping improved dairy breeds (Bos taurus or Zebu x Bos taurus crosses) in comparison to those keeping indigenous Zebu or Zebu by Guzerat crosses. This study highlights the highly variable (and often low) profitability of smallholder dairy cattle enterprise in Senegal. Further actions to address this are strongly recommended.

Authors/Creators:Malenje, Evaristo Mukunda and Missohou, Ayao and Fon Tebug, Stanly and Zonabend König, Emelie and Jung'a, Joseph Owino and Bett, Rawlynce Cheruiyot and Marshall, Karen
Title:Economic analysis of smallholder dairy cattle enterprises in Senegal
Series Name/Journal:Tropical Animal Health and Production
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:54
Article number:221
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:SPRINGER
ISSN:0049-4747
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
Keywords:Senegal, Livestock, Dairy-cattle, Milk, Smallholder, Net returns
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118273
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118273
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s11250-022-03201-y
Web of Science (WoS)000818780000001
ID Code:28670
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:30 Aug 2022 14:19
Metadata Last Modified:30 Aug 2022 14:21

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