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Artificial infiltration in drinking water production: Addressing chemical hazards using effect-based methods

Yu, Maria and Mapuskar, Shreya and Lavonen, Elin and Oskarsson, Agneta and McCleaf, Philip and Lundqvist, Johan (2022). Artificial infiltration in drinking water production: Addressing chemical hazards using effect-based methods. Water Research. 221 , 118776
[Research article]

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Abstract

Artificial infiltration is an established managed aquifer recharge method that is commonly incorporated into drinking water processes. However, groundwater sourced from this type of purification method is prone to contamination with chemical hazards. Such an instance was previously shown at a Swedish DWTP where the river water was contaminated by hazardous chemicals during artificial infiltration. Further, there remains a paucity of research studying the quality of drinking water following this type of treatment from an effect-based bioanalytical perspective. In the current study, an effect-based assessment for chemical hazards was conducted for a Swedish drinking water system comprised of two DWTPs fed artificially-infiltrated river water. In this system, artificial infiltration of the river water takes approximately six to eight months. A sampling event was conducted in the autumn season and the samples were enriched by solid phase extraction. A panel of cell-based reporter gene assays representing several toxicity pathways was selected: oxidative stress response (Nrf2 activity), aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activation, and hormone receptor-mediated effects (estrogen receptor [ER], androgen receptor [AR]). AhR and ER bioactivities were detected in samples collected from the river intake and in the open-air infiltration basins prior to artificial infiltration. However, the AhR activity decreased and ER activity was effectively removed following artificial infiltration. In the Nrf2 and AR assays, no bioactivities above cut-off levels were detected in any samples collected along the entire treatment process of the drinking water production from source to tap. Using a suite of bioassays, the current study highlighted the effectiveness of artificial infiltration in reducing bioactive compounds in this raw river water. Although artificial infiltration is a common purification method in drinking water production, the limited number of effect-based studies evaluating the effectiveness of this method emphasizes the need for further research to better understand the risks and benefits of this water treatment process.

Authors/Creators:Yu, Maria and Mapuskar, Shreya and Lavonen, Elin and Oskarsson, Agneta and McCleaf, Philip and Lundqvist, Johan
Title:Artificial infiltration in drinking water production: Addressing chemical hazards using effect-based methods
Series Name/Journal:Water Research
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:221
Article number:118776
Number of Pages:9
Publisher:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
ISSN:0043-1354
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 208 Environmental Biotechnology > Water Treatment
Keywords:Artificial infiltration, Drinking water, Chemical hazards, Effect-based methods, In vitro bioassay
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118716
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118716
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.watres.2022.118776
Web of Science (WoS)000833864500003
ID Code:28749
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:02 Sep 2022 11:28
Metadata Last Modified:02 Sep 2022 11:31

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