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Functional phenomics for improved climate resilience in Nordic agriculture

Roitsch, Thomas and Himanen, Kristiina and Chawade, Aakash and Jaakola, Laura and Nehe, Ajit and Alexandersson, Erik (2022). Functional phenomics for improved climate resilience in Nordic agriculture. Journal of Experimental Botany
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

The five Nordic countries span the most northern region for field cultivation in the world. This presents challenges per se, with short growing seasons, long days, and a need for frost tolerance. Climate change has additionally increased risks for micro-droughts and water logging, as well as pathogens and pests expanding northwards. Thus, Nordic agriculture demands crops that are adapted to the specific Nordic growth conditions and future climate scenarios. A focus on crop varieties and traits important to Nordic agriculture, including the unique resource of nutritious wild crops, can meet these needs. In fact, with a future longer growing season due to climate change, the region could contribute proportionally more to global agricultural production. This also applies to other northern regions, including the Arctic. To address current growth conditions, mitigate impacts of climate change, and meet market demands, the adaptive capacity of crops that both perform well in northern latitudes and are more climate resilient has to be increased, and better crop management systems need to be built. This requires functional phenomics approaches that integrate versatile high-throughput phenotyping, physiology, and bioinformatics. This review stresses key target traits, the opportunities of latitudinal studies, and infrastructure needs for phenotyping to support Nordic agriculture.

Authors/Creators:Roitsch, Thomas and Himanen, Kristiina and Chawade, Aakash and Jaakola, Laura and Nehe, Ajit and Alexandersson, Erik
Title:Functional phenomics for improved climate resilience in Nordic agriculture
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Experimental Botany
Year of publishing :2022
Number of Pages:17
Publisher:OXFORD UNIV PRESS
ISSN:0022-0957
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Climate Research
Keywords:Arctic, climate change, crop phenotyping, functional phenomics, Nordic agriculture, wild crops
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118606
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118606
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1093/jxb/erac246
Web of Science (WoS)000834958100001
ID Code:28769
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Protection Biology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:05 Sep 2022 07:49
Metadata Last Modified:05 Sep 2022 07:51

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