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Ten lessons on the resilience of the EU common fisheries policy towards climate change and fuel efficiency - A call for adaptive, flexible and well-informed fisheries management

Bastardie, Francois and Feary, David and Brunel, Thomas and Kell, Laurence T. and Doering, Ralf and Metz, Sebastien and Eigaard, Ole R. and Basurko, Oihane and Bartolino, Valerio and Bentley, Jacob and Berges, Benoit and Bossier, Sieme and Brooks, Mollie E. and Caballero, Ainhoa and Citores, Leire and Daskalov, Georgi and Depestele, Jochen and Gabina, Gorka and Aranda, Martin and Hamon, Katell G. and Hidalgo, Manuel and Katsanevakis, Stelios and Kempf, Alexander and Kuehn, Bernhard and Nielsen, J. Rasmus and Puets, Miriam and Taylor, Marc and Triantaphyllidis, George and Tsagarakis, Konstantinos and Urtizberea, Agurtzane and van Hoof, Luc and van Vlasselaer, Jasper (2022). Ten lessons on the resilience of the EU common fisheries policy towards climate change and fuel efficiency - A call for adaptive, flexible and well-informed fisheries management. Frontiers in marine science. 9 , 947150
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Abstract

To effectively future-proof the management of the European Union fishing fleets we have explored a suite of case studies encompassing the northeast and tropical Atlantic, the Mediterranean, Baltic and Black Seas. This study shows that European Union (EU) fisheries are likely resilient to climate-driven short-term stresses, but may be negatively impacted by long-term trends in climate change. However, fisheries' long-term stock resilience can be improved (and therefore be more resilient to increasing changes in climate) by adopting robust and adaptive fisheries management, provided such measures are based on sound scientific advice which includes uncertainty. Such management requires regular updates of biological reference points. Such updates will delineate safe biological limits for exploitation, providing both high long-term yields with reduced risk of stock collapse when affected by short-term stresses, and enhanced compliance with advice to avoid higher than intended fishing mortality. However, high resilience of the exploited ecosystem does not necessarily lead to the resilience of the economy of EU fisheries from suffering shocks associated with reduced yields, neither to a reduced carbon footprint if fuel use increases from lower stock abundances. Fuel consumption is impacted by stock development, but also by changes in vessel and gear technologies, as well as fishing techniques. In this respect, energy-efficient fishing technologies already exist within the EU, though implementing them would require improving the uptake of innovations and demonstrating to stakeholders the potential for both reduced fuel costs and increased catch rates. A transition towards reducing fuel consumption and costs would need to be supported by the setup of EU regulatory instruments. Overall, to effectively manage EU fisheries within a changing climate, flexible, adaptive, well-informed and well-enforced management is needed, with incentives provided for innovations and ocean literacy to cope with the changing conditions, while also reducing the dependency of the capture fishing industry on fossil fuels. To support such management, we provide 10 lessons to characterize 'win-win' fishing strategies for the European Union, which develop leverages in which fishing effort deployed corresponds to Maximum Sustainable Yield targets and Common Fisheries Policy minimal effects objectives. In these strategies, higher catch is obtained in the long run, less fuel is spent to attain the catch, and the fisheries have a higher resistance and resilience to shock and long-term factors to face climate-induced stresses.

Authors/Creators:Bastardie, Francois and Feary, David and Brunel, Thomas and Kell, Laurence T. and Doering, Ralf and Metz, Sebastien and Eigaard, Ole R. and Basurko, Oihane and Bartolino, Valerio and Bentley, Jacob and Berges, Benoit and Bossier, Sieme and Brooks, Mollie E. and Caballero, Ainhoa and Citores, Leire and Daskalov, Georgi and Depestele, Jochen and Gabina, Gorka and Aranda, Martin and Hamon, Katell G. and Hidalgo, Manuel and Katsanevakis, Stelios and Kempf, Alexander and Kuehn, Bernhard and Nielsen, J. Rasmus and Puets, Miriam and Taylor, Marc and Triantaphyllidis, George and Tsagarakis, Konstantinos and Urtizberea, Agurtzane and van Hoof, Luc and van Vlasselaer, Jasper
Title:Ten lessons on the resilience of the EU common fisheries policy towards climate change and fuel efficiency - A call for adaptive, flexible and well-informed fisheries management
Series Name/Journal:Frontiers in marine science
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:9
Article number:947150
Number of Pages:23
Publisher:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
ISSN:2296-7745
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Fish and Wildlife Management
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
Keywords:blue economy, decarbonization, fisheries economics, fisheries management, resilience, climate change, EU green deal
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118919
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118919
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3389/fmars.2022.947150
Web of Science (WoS)000843160900001
ID Code:28839
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Aquatic Resources
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 Sep 2022 15:24
Metadata Last Modified:13 Sep 2022 15:31

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