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The Winding Road towards Sustainable Forest Management in Romania, 1989-2022: A Case Study of Post-Communist Social-Ecological Transition

Albulescu, Andra-Cosmina and Manton, Michael and Larion, Daniela and Angelstam, Per (2022). The Winding Road towards Sustainable Forest Management in Romania, 1989-2022: A Case Study of Post-Communist Social-Ecological Transition. Land. 11 :8 , 1198
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Forest ecosystems are a prime example of the heated debates that have arisen around how forests should be managed, and what services and benefits they should deliver. The European transitions in governance to and from communist regimes have had significant impacts on forests and their management. Unstable legislative and institutional changes prior to, during, and after a communist regime, combined with unique remnant areas of high-conservation-value forests, make Romania an ideal case study to explore the social-ecological transitions of forest landscapes. The aim of this paper is two-fold. First, we present the origins of, the evolution of, and the current state of forest management and ownership in Romania during transitions between the pre-communist (-1945), communist (1945-1989), and EU periods (2007-). Second, we focus on the enablers and barriers in Romania towards sustainable forest management as defined by pan-European forest policies. We used a semi-systematic, five-step scientific literature review on forest ownership, governance, and management in Romania. The analysis shows that both enablers (e.g., forest certification) and barriers (e.g., redundancy and the questionable effectiveness of the network of protected areas; illegal, unsustainable, and unreported logging; loopholes in the legislative framework) have contributed to the current approaches to interpreting forests, forestry, and forest management. The installation of the communist regime translated into sustained wood yield forest management under singular forest ownership, which opposed the previous system and forest ownership pluralism. In the post-communist period, forestland restitution led to significant legislative changes, but forest management must still confront remnant elements of the communist approach. Both communist and post-communist policies related to forests have shaped the evolution of forest landscape management in Romania, thus stressing the need to learn from the past towards securing sustainable forest management into the future. These lessons provide insights on both positive and negative drivers of forest management, which can contribute to smooth future transition towards more sustainable forest management practices.

Authors/Creators:Albulescu, Andra-Cosmina and Manton, Michael and Larion, Daniela and Angelstam, Per
Title:The Winding Road towards Sustainable Forest Management in Romania, 1989-2022: A Case Study of Post-Communist Social-Ecological Transition
Series Name/Journal:Land
Year of publishing :2022
Volume:11
Number:8
Article number:1198
Number of Pages:29
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2073-445X
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:sustainable forest management, forest ownership, governance, post-communist forestry transformations, wood production, rural development, biodiversity
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118937
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-118937
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/land11081198
Web of Science (WoS)000845618900001
ID Code:28863
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:15 Sep 2022 14:27
Metadata Last Modified:15 Sep 2022 14:31

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