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Site soundscapes

landscape architecture in the light of sound

Hedfors, Per (2003). Site soundscapes. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 407
ISBN 91-576-6425-0
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This research was based on the assumption that landscape architects work on projects in which the acoustic aspects can be taken into consideration. In such projects activities are located within the landscape and specific sounds belong to specific activities. This research raised the orchestration of the soundscape as a new area of concern in the field of landscape architecture; a new method of approaching the problem was suggested. Professionals can learn to recognise the auditory phenomena which are characteristic of a certain type of land use. Acoustic sources are obvious planning elements which can be used as a starting point in the develop-ment process. The effects on the soundscape can subsequently be evaluated according to various planning options. The landscape is viewed as a space for sound sources and listeners where the sounds are transferred and coloured, such that each site has a specific soundscape – a sonotope. This raised questions about the landscape’s acoustic characteristics with respect to the physical layout, space, material and furnishing. Questions related to the planning process, land use and conflicts of interest were also raised, in addition to design issues such as space requirements and aesthetic considerations. A prototype of a computer tool for use in landscape architecture was developed. This was intended to promote listening as well as stimulate an appreciation of the soundscape approach in the processes of planning and design. The purpose was to illustrate auditory problems and raise the aural awareness of the practitioners, for example, while carrying out visits on site. The tool provided a means through which researchers, practitioners and members of the public could meet to facilitate a mutual exchange of ideas. The tool was based on the results of qualitative interviews on two urban settings. These were referred to as reference objects, the design, building material, plant material, functions, traffic conditions and location of which have characteristics which practitioners can compare with their ongoing projects. One of the locations was a pasture on the outskirts of a city, while the other was a public garden which was located towards the centre of the same city. The pasture’s sonotope was characterised by clear, distinct sounds which were neither drowned out by sounds which were emitted a short distance away nor by those emitted at much greater distances. In contrast, the sonotope of the city garden was characterised by the sounds of its surroundings.

Authors/Creators:Hedfors, Per
Title:Site soundscapes
Subtitle:landscape architecture in the light of sound
Year of publishing :August 2003
Volume:407
Number of Pages:91
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Hedfors, Per & Grahn, Patrik. 1998. Soundscapes in Urban and Rural Planning and Design – a brief communication of a research project. In: R. Murray Schafer & Helmi Järviluoma (eds.), Northern Soundscapes – Yearbook of Soundscape Stud-ies, vol. 1. Univ. of Tampere, Dept. of Folk Tradition, Publ. no. 27, 67-82. issn 0357-0010. II. Hedfors, Per & Berg, Per G. 2002. Site Interpretation by Skilled Listeners – methods for communicating soundscapes in landscape architecture and planning. In: Helmi Järviluoma & Gregg Wagstaff (eds.), Soundscape Studies and Methods. The Finnish Society for Ethnomusicology Publ. 9; Univ. of Turku, Dept. of Art, Literature and Music Series a51, 91-114. isbn 951-96171-5-9. III.* Hedfors, Per & Berg, Per G. 2003. The Sounds of Two Landscape Settings – auditory concepts for physical planning and design. Landscape Research, vol. 28, no. 3, 245-263. (www.tandf.co.uk) IV. Hedfors, Per. An Audio-Visual Tool for Landscape Planning and Design – preliminary evaluation of an interactive cd prototype. Manuscript. Additional output results from the research are available on cd-rom in the form of a prototype of a practical tool. This cd-rom is used in paper iv and will also be referred to by its Roman numeral: V. Jämförelser av ljudbilder från två landskap (Comparisons of Acoustic Images from Two Landscapes, in Swedish or English). * Paper III has been published after the thesis was printed.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6425-0
ISSN:1401-6249
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:sound, noise, hearing, acoustic properties, gardens, design, landscaping, planning, sustainability
Keywords:landscape planning, landscape design, urban planning, acoustic design, acoustics, noise, intersensory, sustainable development, landscape perception, sense of place
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-61
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-61
ID Code:325
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Institutionen för landskapsplanering, Ultuna (940701-051231)
Deposited By: Staff Epsilon
Deposited On:18 Aug 2003 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:03

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