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Long-term fate of sewage-sludge derived cadmium in arable soils

laboratory and field experiments, and modelling with SLAM and WHAM

Bergkvist, Petra (2003). Long-term fate of sewage-sludge derived cadmium in arable soils. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 410
ISBN 91-576-6431-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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The focus of this work was to improve knowledge of the long-term fate of cadmium supplied to arable soils by sewage sludge. Emphasis was placed on measured and modelled changes in the solubility and mobility of cadmium, resulting from long-term turnover of both sludge-derived and inherent organic matter of the soil. Measurements were conducted in a long-term sludge supplied field experiment, situated at Ultuna (60°N, 17°E), started in 1956. Furthermore, batch studies on soil samples and modelling exercises in WHAM were performed in order to study the speciation of cadmium in the soil-solution system. A comprehensive model -the SLAM model- was developed to increase the understanding of the influence of soil and sludge adsorption characteristics on cadmium solubility and bioavailability, and the migration rate of cadmium in soil profiles. The long-term sludge supplies had increased the solubility of cadmium, measured in crop cadmium concentration, as an effect of enhanced acidification and increased Cd concentration in the soil. A low Cd migration was measured, attributed to non-equilibrium Cd concentration in percolating water, a high cadmium sorption capacity in the subsoil and root driven Cd circulation in the soil profile. No increased Cd sorption capacity was measured in the sludge supplied soil, despite the almost doubled soil organic matter content. This might be partly attributed to the higher iron oxide and hydroxide concentration measured in the sludge, forming more stable complexes with soil humic compounds compared to cadmium complexes with soil humic compounds. A Monte-Carlo analysis of the SLAM model suggested that the major parameters affecting leaching and crop uptake of cadmium were the cadmium loading and the partitioning coefficient for sludge-derived inorganic material and parameters controlling the effect of pH on sorption. Long-term scenario simulations in SLAM identified critical factors influencing plant cadmium uptake: the cadmium concentration in the sludge, the adsorption capacity of the sludge in relation to the adsorption capacity of native soil and the proportion of the sludge adsorption capacity contributed by the inorganic fraction.

Authors/Creators:Bergkvist, Petra
Title:Long-term fate of sewage-sludge derived cadmium in arable soils
Subtitle:laboratory and field experiments, and modelling with SLAM and WHAM
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria
Year of publishing :August 2003
Number of Pages:52
ALLI. Bergkvist, P., Jarvis, N., Berggren, D. and Carlgren, K. 2003. Long-term effects of sewage sludge applications on soil properties, cadmium availability and distribution in arable soil. Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment, 97, 167-179. II. Bergkvist, P., Berggren, D., and Jarvis, N. 2003. Long-term effects of sewage sludge application on Cd solubility and sorption capacity in an arable soil. Manuscript. III. Bergkvist, P., and Jarvis, N.2003. Modeling organic carbon dynamics and Cadmium fate in long-term sludge-amended soil. Journal of Environmental Quality. In press.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6431-5
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P35 Soil fertility
T Pollution > T01 Pollution
F Plant production > F04 Fertilizing
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:sewage sludge, adsorption, leaching, models, organic matter, bioavailability, cadmium, arable soils, solubility, pollution
Keywords:biosolids, adsorption, leaching, crop uptake, bioavailability, modelling, migration, dissolved organic matter, WHAM, partitioning coefficient
Permanent URL:
ID Code:326
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil Sciences (until 081001)
Deposited By: Petra Bergkvist
Deposited On:19 Aug 2003 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:03

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