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Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy compared with soil clay and organic matter content for estimating within-field variation in N uptake in cereals

Wetterlind, Johanna and Stenberg, Bo and Jonsson, Anders (2008). Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy compared with soil clay and organic matter content for estimating within-field variation in N uptake in cereals. Plant and soil. 302:1-2, 317-327
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-007-9489-9

Abstract

Adjusting fertiliser applications to within-field variations in nitrogen (N) mineralisation during the growing season can increase yields, improve crop quality, reduce costs and decrease nutrient losses to the environment. Predicting such variations at a reasonable cost is therefore important. In a three-year study, Near Infrared Reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy was compared with soil organic matter (SOM) and clay content as predictors of plant N uptake using cross-validated PLS (Partial Least Squares) regression models. Plant N uptake was measured as total nitrogen in aboveground plant parts at harvest, in plots without N fertilisation within three different fields in southern Sweden. NIR spectroscopy and combined clay and SOM content resulted in equally good estimations of plant N uptake in fields with large variation in SOM content. Cross-validated NIR calibrations for plant N uptake within fields for separate years resulted in r2 values of 0.75-0.85 and average cross-validation errors of 11-16 kg N ha-1 for two fields (one year excluded at one field because of farmyard manure application). No significant improvements were seen when NIR-spectra, clay and SOM were included in the same model, suggesting that the additional predictive capacity of NIR over SOM relates to soil texture variations. NIR calibrations also performed poorly in one field where plant N uptake could not be explained by SOM or clay content. Predictions within fields between years produced r2 values of 0.54-0.92 and prediction errors of 8-20 kg N ha-1 for one field. These results confirm that N uptake prediction accuracy can be improved by using NIR spectroscopy in fields with large SOM variations. However, good estimations could not be made between fields, indicating difficulties in creating more general calibration models for large geographical areas.

Authors/Creators:Wetterlind, Johanna and Stenberg, Bo and Jonsson, Anders
Title:Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy compared with soil clay and organic matter content for estimating within-field variation in N uptake in cereals
Series/Journal:Plant and soil (0032-079X)
Year of publishing :2008
Volume:302
Number:1-2
Page range:317-327
Publisher:Springer Verlag
ISSN:0032-079X
Language:English
Additional Information:The original publication is available at Springer Verlag. DOI:10.1007/s11104-007-9489-9
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Soil science
Keywords:NIR, nitrogen mineralisation, precision agriculture
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1-105
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1-105
ID Code:3446
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil Sciences
Deposited By: Harriet Thuné
Deposited On:05 Dec 2008 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:21

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