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How hydrological and hydraulic conditions affect performance of ponds

Persson, Jesper and Wittgren, Hans Bertil (2003). How hydrological and hydraulic conditions affect performance of ponds. Ecological engineering. 21 :4-5 , 259-269
[Research article]

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2003.12.004


During the 1990s there has been a growing interest in (re)constructed wetlands and ponds for treatment of agricultural runoff, sewage water, and stormwater. Some of these facilities, however, are poorly designed in terms of hydrological and hydraulic performance, which strongly affects their treatment capacity. This paper gives an overview of the present knowledge regarding pond hydraulics in terms of effective volume ratio and dispersion. The importance of these parameters is demonstrated by modelling of nitrogen removal in 13 ponds of different design. The results show that effective volume ratio has a clear influence, which increases when removal rate coefficients increase, while dispersion is of minor importance for removal efficiency. Finally, the concept of hydraulic efficiency is discussed in the light of these results.

Authors/Creators:Persson, Jesper and Wittgren, Hans Bertil
Title:How hydrological and hydraulic conditions affect performance of ponds
Series Name/Journal:Ecological engineering
Year of publishing :2003
Page range:259-269
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
Publication Type:Research article
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Landscape planning
Keywords:design, efficiency, hydraulic, nitrogen, performance, ponds, Tank-in-series model, wetlands
Permanent URL:
ID Code:3737
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Landscape Management, Design, and Construction (until 121231)
Deposited By: Katarina Evengård
Deposited On:26 May 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:24

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