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Metodik för analys av arbetsställningar vid traktorkörning

Friberg, Gösta and Klensmeden, Staffan (1985). Metodik för analys av arbetsställningar vid traktorkörning. Uppsala: (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Rapport - Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för lantbruksteknik ; 100
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Abstract

Farm tractor drivers are forced to twist their bodies in order to observe the equipment and the work result behind the tractor. To make it possible to quantify and describe the degree of these inconveniences, to test and present different kinds of improvements and to get unambiguous arguments for these improvements, we have to use some kind of equipment that measures the twisted postures and collects the information. The equipment must be - functional and reliable - useable under field conditions - useable in different kinds of tractors - designed in a way that allows the driver to act normally. We have within the frame of this project, found a number of different solutions. Most of them have been rejected after theoretical or practical tests. A quite new method, based on outspreading and detecting polarized light, satisfies the requirements in a sufficient manner. From a source in the ceiling, light is sent through a polarization film. This polarized light hits a number of photocells attached to some special points on the driver. These photocells, which are able to produce a measurable current (or voltage) when illuminated, are covered with a second polarization film. Thanks to the fact that the light passes two polarization films, of which one is turnable, the produced voltage will vary with the rotation of the driver. Some interacting factors with influence on the reliability, e g the inclination of the driver, the distance between the light source and the photocells, the sunlight etc, have been neutralized. The precision is today about ±5° but can probably be improved. With an optical IR-filter between the secondary film and the photocell, the precision will be about ±10 The rotation of the driver can be measured in the interval of ±180 degrees. Photocells on his head, shoulders and hips will expose how much he rotates his back spine and neck and in which position he sits on the seat. The equipment will also tell us the period of time he spends in different working postures and how many times he has to rotate. The equipment collects the data automatically and continuously. The working posture is determined every one second. The experimental sequences may be as long as desired. A computer analyses the collected data and the results are delivered without almost any kind of manual help. The researcher can focus his attention on the interpreting, the conclusions and the presentation of the results.

Authors/Creators:Friberg, Gösta and Klensmeden, Staffan
Title:Metodik för analys av arbetsställningar vid traktorkörning
Series/Journal:Rapport - Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för lantbruksteknik (0283-0086)
Year of publishing :1985
Number:100
Number of Pages:19
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Institutionen för lantbruksteknik, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:91-576-2461-5
ISSN:0283-0086
Language:Swedish
Publication Type:Report
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Area technology > Agricultural engineering
Keywords:arbetsställning
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-331
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-331
ID Code:3938
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: Erica Lövgren
Deposited On:03 Dec 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:26

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