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Forest biodiversity maintenance

instruments and indicators in the policy implementation

Uliczka, Helen (2003). Forest biodiversity maintenance. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Silvestria, 1401-6230 ; 291
ISBN 91-576-6525-7
[Doctoral thesis]

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The global biodiversity loss within forest ecosystems has attracted attention during the last decades. Awareness increased both world-wide and in Sweden, which led to changes in the Swedish forests policy. In the Swedish Forestry Act of 1993 the environmental and production goals became equally important, and several new policy implementation instruments were taken into use. One of these was the Woodland Key Habitat Survey, in which indicator species are used to identify sites with conservation values. The first two papers in this thesis assess the relationships between the lichen indicator species found in the study area (in South-Central Sweden) and their growing-substrates and habitats, respectively. Both studies confirm that the indicator species showed habitat preferences which included old or deciduous trees. In Paper II also the habitat preferences of sedentary birds were assessed and the mixed deciduous habitats showed to be the more species rich, compared to pure coniferous forest. Paper III and IV evaluate the forest owners’ intentions and knowledge of nature conservation, as well as their attitudes towards it. In paper III the conservation intentions of the forest owners were estimated on the harvest registration form and compared to the actual retention at the clear-cuts. The intentions were followed by associated practices, however, the retained amounts of stand structures were overall low. I conclude that the intentions did not increase over the study period, the retained amounts were too low to meet, e.g., the Forest Stewardship Council standards, and, also, that such forms could become important information instruments to the forestry authorities concerning intentions and practices of the forest owners. In Paper IV the results of a questionnaire sent to non-industrial private forest (NIPF) owners within the study area, showed that knowledge about conservation and attendance to a recent educational programme, which included conservation information, were positively related to the attitude towards it. However, those occupied with land-use had a more negative attitude towards conservation than others. Also, in the ranking of operational goals for their own conservation efforts, only 7% of the respondents ranked ‘long-term species survival’ as their first priority, while the vast majority ranked ‘forest health’ as number one. In the fifth and last paper the usefulness of indicator species in monitoring systems adapted to NIPF owners, is discussed. In the questionnaire used in paper IV, NIPF owners were asked to mark all species that they could recognise, from a list of 12 forest species. The results showed that they had a weak knowledge of the listed lichens and fungi, but all four birds were recognised by more than 50%. Thus, in indicator species based monitoring systems for NIPF owners and the public only a few easily communicated and conspicuous species of documented indicator value should be used, e.g. vertebrates.

Authors/Creators:Uliczka, Helen
Title:Forest biodiversity maintenance
Subtitle:instruments and indicators in the policy implementation
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Silvestria
Year of publishing :November 2003
Number of Pages:40
ALLUliczka, H. & Angelstam, P. 1999. Occurrence of epiphytic macrolichens in relation to tree species and age in managed boreal forest. Ecography 22: 396-405. Uliczka, H. & Angelstam, P. 2000. Assessing conservation values of forest stands based on specialised lichens and birds. Biological Conservation: 343-351. Uliczka, H. 2003. Nature conservation efforts by forest owners – intentions and practice in a Swedish case study. Silva Fennica 37(4): 459–475. Uliczka, H., Angelstam, P., Jansson, G. & Bro, A. Non-industrial private forest owners’ knowledge of and attitudes towards nature conservation. (Submitted manuscript.) Uliczka, H., Angelstam, P. & Roberge, J.-M. 2004. Indicator species and biodiversity monitoring systems for non-industrial private forest owners – is there a communication problem? Ecological Bulletins 51, in press.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6525-7
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:biodiversity, boreal forests, ownership, indicator animals, indicator plants, nature conservation, forestry policies, forest ecology
Keywords:Biodiversity, boreal forest, forest owners, indicator species, nature conservation, policy implementation
Permanent URL:
ID Code:396
Department:(NL, NJ) > Institutionen för naturvårdsbiologi (fr.o.m. 970101)
Deposited By: Helen Uliczka
Deposited On:12 Nov 2003 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:04

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