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Golf courses and wetland fauna

Colding, Johan and Lundberg, Jakob and Lundberg, Stefan and Andersson, Erik (2009). Golf courses and wetland fauna. Ecological applications. 19 :6 , 1481-1491
[Research article]

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Official URL: http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/07-2092...


Golf courses are often considered to be chemical-intensive ecosystems with negative impacts on fauna. Here we provide evidence that golf courses can contribute to the support and conservation of wetland fauna, i.e., amphibians and macroinvertebrates. Comparisons of amphibian occurrence, diversity of macroinvetebrates, and occurrence of species of conservation concern were made between permanent freshwater ponds surveyed on golf courses around Sweden's capital city, Stockholm, and off-course ponds in nature-protected areas and residential parklands. A total of 71 macroinvertebrate species were recorded in the field study, with no significant difference between golf course ponds and off-course ponds at the species, genus, or family levels. A within-group similarities test showed that golf course ponds have a more homogenous species composition than ponds in nature-protected areas and ponds in residential parkland. Within the macroinvertebrate group, a total of 11 species of odonates were identified, with no difference detected between the categories of ponds, nor any spatial autocorrelation. Significant differences were found between pond categories in the occurrence of five species of amphibians, although anuran occurrence did not differ between ponds. The great crested newt (Triturus cristatus) was significantly associated with golf course ponds, but the smooth newt (Triturus vulgaris) was not. We found no evidence of any correlation between pond size and occurrence of amphibians. Among the taxa of conservation concern included in the sample, all amphibians are nationally protected in Sweden, with the internationally threatened T. cristatus more frequently found in golf course ponds. Among macroinveterbrates of conservation status, the large white-faced darter dragonfly (Leucorrhinia pectoralis) was only detected in golf course ponds, and Tricholeiochiton fagesi (Trichoptera) was only found in one off-course pond. GIS results revealed that golf courses provide over a quarter of all available permanent, freshwater ponds in central greater Stockholm. We assert that golf courses have the potential to contribute to wetland fauna support, particularly in urban settings where they may significantly contribute to wetland creation. We propose a greater involvement of ecologists in the design of golf courses to further bolster this potential.

Authors/Creators:Colding, Johan and Lundberg, Jakob and Lundberg, Stefan and Andersson, Erik
Title:Golf courses and wetland fauna
Series Name/Journal:Ecological applications
Year of publishing :2009
Page range:1481-1491
Publisher:Ecological Society of America
Publication Type:Research article
Full Text Status:Public
Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecology > Freshwater ecology
Keywords:amphibians, biodiversity, conservation, ecosystem management, golf courses, land use, macroinvertebrates, odonates, ponds, wetlands
Permanent URL:
ID Code:4001
Department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Deposited By: Jenny Casey Eriksson
Deposited On:21 Sep 2009 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:27

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